Motor vehicle accident damage claim enforcement
- defence against inflated or unreasonable claims
- Motor Insurance disputes - claim declines



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Recovery material damage in a car accident





Car accident damage claim enforcement

Rebutting unfair settlement offers

Insurance claim declines or dismissal

Defence against unreasonable or inflated claims

Support pursuit in any MVA matters, in South Africa


Road Accident Management & Legal Action
(RAMLA)






We are car accident damage compensation recovery specialists

as well as experts to defend against unreasonable or inflated claims.




Insurance Issues Car accident damage claim service South Africa

You do have an issue with any kind of Car Accident claims, disputes, rejected claims or the need of enforcing your traffic accident compensation, in South Africa?



Denied or rejected comprehensive motor insurance claim

RAMLA - car accident damage claim service South Africa

RAMLA is a specialised legal Expert in regard to Motor Vehicle Accident damage compensation enforcement, or assistance in defensive actions against unreasonable or inflated claims.

Our highly skilled and experienced team of experts work decisive, swift and economically affordable, to solve car accident issues.

RAMLA is a specialised legal Expert in regard to Motor Vehicle Accident damage compensation enforcement, or assistance in defensive actions against unreasonable or inflated claims.



Our highly skilled and experienced team of experts work decisive, swift and economically affordable, to solve car accident issues.



Any Questions?

Contact us now by email and check out, if and what, we can do for you.


Our free initial case analyse offer is available for you NOW, free of any charge or obligation.

This free offer is worth almost as much as the costs for briefing your local Attorney where he/she takes your case instructions and will bill most commonly R 1500.00 or more.



So don't hesitate as it's easy, comfortable and will be answered knowledgeable in short time.

No appointment, no office visit and no costs.

      car accident in South Africa





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The content and information supplied are linked and legally associated to the disclaimer, supplied at the end of the page and for private individual purposes only.



car accident in South Africa


Free case analyse and initial advise!

Dear valued reader, checking out the RAMLA car accident compensation platform; obviously you do have some traffic accident damage issues to solve.

Contact RAMLA via email now          Check this before you contact RAMLA for more information about          a free check of your particular case issue and advice.






        

  



Denied or rejected comprehensive motor insurance claim



Don't be fooled - badly treated - and do not accept unfair Settlement offers - from any South African Motor Insurance.

             If anything doesn't go to plan, get professional support.             RAMLA may just be the right service

Motor Insurance cover gives an insured some protection against the risk of car accident collisions in public traffic for compensation of damages caused in traffic accidents. But by far not all claims will go through smoothly. Be aware of a variety of possible obstacles.

Obviously there are differences as how South African Motor Insurer handles compensation claims. There are comprehensive insurance cover policies and 3rd party cover contracts. The comprehensive cover safeguard both - damages to own property, such as the insured vehicle and the 3rd party damages - as third party cover only indemnifies the insured against claims made from other parties for compensation of destruction out of vehicle accidents, they are deemed to be liable for.

While the outmost important task for a comprehensive insured motorist is to maintain and adhere to all obligations concluded with the policy contract, not risking problems if it comes to claim for damages, 3rd party claims are more vulnerable to deep scrutinising of circumstances and subject to defensive actions or short falling settlement offers.         Don't compromise without good reason!

This RAMLA web platform providing much information on almost all interesting issues in connection with MVA - Motor Vehicle Accident - matters. If you do not find you look for, use our  keyword search     page and look for the related keyword.




Motor car road traffic accident damage recovery, is what our subject is all about.

Below please find some issues and occurrences of common interest, listed and linked.

Car accident issues that matters most:





Keywords Section - A

Accident Compensation

Acceptance and Liability - offering paying Excess

Accident documentation

Accident Reconstruction

Accident Sketch

Admission of Liability

Affidavit confirming repairs - Cost - Quantum

Affordable claim service -
enforce compensation


Alcohol and Intoxication -
Facts required to be proven


Allert - Warning signs during claim evaluation

Analyse of a car accident -
in terms of liability


Appeal a claim decision

Appointing an independent vehicle damage assessor

Apportioning of Damages Act

Apportionment of Damages - Liability

Assessing - Appraising -
vehicles accident damages


Attorney's services & fees

Audatex -
Car value listing systems


Auto accident -
compensation action


Auto Dealers Value Scheme

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - B



Balance of probabilities - measure to proof a claim

Bank Statements required scrutinising

Beacon check- cell phone reports

Beyond repair - total loss or write off

Blood test to prove intoxication

Bodily Injuries and RAF claims

Breach of motor Insurance terms

Breach of traffic legislation

Breathalyser tests proving intoxication

Broken promises to settle damages

Bumper bashing - minor damages

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - C



Causation in a car accident

Calculating, assessing or appraising damages

Cancellation of the motor insurance policy

Car accidents and its consequences

Car Hire after an accident

Car owner's possible liability for conduct of a driver

Case analyse offer - RAMLA advice

Case Law - Precedent

Causation of an accident - liability for the impact

CCTV footage of the accident

Cell phone records / telecom beacon reports

Certification of the repair value / Quantum

Change of argumentation from accepting to accusing liability

Circumstances of an accident

Civil compensation action for damage to law of delict

Claim against insured 3rd party

Claim Decline/ denial / repudiation / refutation

Claim Decline based on alleged breach of the rules of the road

Claim Decline based on violation of terms and conditions

Claim Defence Actions

Claim Disputes - Inflated or unreasonable claims

Claim Disputes about recovery actions an Insurer launches against 3rd party

Claim Investigator

Claiming compensation from 3rd parties

Claiming damage compensation from uninsured motorist

Claiming from an employed driver with a company vehicle

Collision of facts in claim actions

Commissioner of Oath

Compensation for car accident damage

Comprehensive cover - Claim rejected

Comprehensive Insurance claim

Comprehensive insurance cover

Comprehensive cover - Claim rejected

Concluding a new motor insurance contract

Conflicting Statements leading to claim decline

Consequential Damage

Cooperation of other parties involved in car accidents

Contributable causation - Apportionment

Culpa / Culpability

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - D



Damage assessment driven by Insurance order

Damage Assessment - Independent

Damage to Property - what can be claimed

Damage value/Quantum - serious damages

Dealing with Motor Insurance Companies

Declined Insurance claim

Defence against a recovery claim

Delictual accountability - Law of Delict

Depreciation of car value

Dishonesty can be a reason for a claim decline

Dismissed or denied 3rd party claims

Disposal of salvage or the car wreck

Dispute of facts

Dispute Resolution with Insurance Company

Dispute with Insurance - internal resolution or review with Ombudsman

Disputes in Insurance claims - Resolutions and Challenges

Disputes resolution by taking legal support

Documentary Evidence

Documents to submit (insurance) 3rd party claim

Drunk drivers causing accidents and the repercussions

Duration of a claim action

Duties or obligations in public traffic

Duty to mitigate in a claim to limit expenditure

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - E



Economic aspects in a car accident claim

Elements of Liability

Emergency in traffic situations

Entertaining a claim by Insurer

Evidence, Facts, Merits

Examination of motor vehicle damage (properly)

Expert Examination / Assessment Expert Report

Expert Witness testimony

Eye Witness testimony

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - F



Factual Evidence in a compensation action

Failure to pay the premiums up to date

False or incomplete information given when concluding contract

Failure to pay the first premium before a claim must be reported

False, late, incomplete or not submitted updates of essentials in the policy

Forensic investigations

Foreseeability of danger

Front and Rear Impact

First premium must be paid before take to the road

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - G



Gross Negligence

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - H



Hearsay - no valid testimony

Hidden damages not detected and not included in Assessments

How long will it take to be compensated

How to get a Police Accident Report and AR Number

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - I



Inconsistent divergent party statements to what happened

Indemnification for the financial compensation

Independent Witness

Insurance excess deal

Inflated claims - damages fraudulently inflated

Insurance claims

Insurance claim declined/rejected

Insurance claim report obliagtions

Insurance claim report containing data

Insurance damage assessment

Insurance Investigations in car accident circumstances

Insurance measures to minimise pay out

Insure the vehicle and pay the first premium before take to the road

Intoxication - requirements for a Claim decline

Intoxication - Telephoning / Texting etc.

Intoxication while driving a vehicle on the road

Investigations by motor insurance companies to find out what happened

Investigations into the accident circumstances

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - J



Jurisdiction of the Ombudsman (OSTI)

Jurisdiction of the Ombudsman (SAIA)

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - K



Knock for Knock agreement between Insurers

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - L



Late evening or night accidents

Lead or top up insurance cover

Liable Party

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - M



Market Value of a motor vehicle

Material loss or damage

Maximum compensation for total loss

Merits and legal aspects of a compensation case

Motor car insurance, factors to look on before contract

Motor vehicle damage Assessment

Motor vehicle damage Assessor

Motor vehicle owner's liabilities

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - N



National Traffic Act No 61 1996 at section 61

NATIS - National Traffic Information System

Negligence driving a motor car

Neuhaus v Bastion Insurance Company 1968 (1) SA 398 D AD - a case precedent

Nominated or regular driver in Insurance Policy

Not abiding to, or in breach with South African traffic regulation

Not insured against traffic accident damages

Not insured but need to claim from another

Not roadworthy vehicle in public traffic

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - O



Offer to settle a compensation claim

Ombudsman's principles

Ombudsman's reviews

Ombudsman's contacts (OSTI)

Opinion evidence in a case

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - P



Partly liability for causation - Apportionment

Passengers in a car as witness

Patrimonial losses - Damage

Police Accident Report

Police duty at the scene of accident

Policy cancelled alleged violated terms/conditions

Precedents in a compensation claim

Prescription of a material claim

Process of Ombudsman case review

Proof the Quantum/Value of a damage calculation

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - Q



Qualifications of Assessors to evaluate damage

Quantum of the claim

Quotations calculating the repair damage

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - R



Reasonable and necessary repair costs

Reasonable driver or person reasonable man test

Reasonable precaution while driving

Rebuttal of unreasonable or inflated claims

Recklessness driving

Recovery Claim - Insurance paid client - Recuperation Action

Recovery Agent acting for Insurance

Reconstruction of Accident facts

Rear and Front Impact

Regular driver nominated in an Insurance Policy

Relinquish Salvage to a party

Repair Quotations - damage calculation

Reporting an accident to Police

Retail value in calculations of market value

Retention of a stored vehicle on a scrap yard

Rights and Obligation in Traffic

Right of retention a vehicle - workshop or towing

Risks and Chances in a claim action - Basics to know

Risk profile of an insured motorist

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - S



SASRIA - South African Insurance Association - Riot and Strike

SAIA - South African Insurance Association

Salvage - the value of the scraped car

SAMBRA - SA Motor Body Repair Association

SAPS - the duty of police on the scene

Satisfactory Settlement

Scene of a car accident - what is relevant to capture

Scrap value or Salvage - an important factor in write off calculations

Securing of evidence

Settlement agreement ending a compensation claim

Shortfall or insufficient compensation

Shortfall of compensation based on damage assessing

Shortfall emanating from Apportioning

Shortfall in regard of market value, pre collision value, salvage or policy terms

Shortfall in settlement offer - Apportionment / Causation

Sketch of an accident scene

Skid marks - in reconstructive expert reports

SMD - or scrap buying companies

Speculative testimonies

Speeding - issues in a claim decline

State of the vehicle before accident

Storage of a damaged vehicle on Tow yard

Strong case merits needs strong evidence

Subrogation in claim enforcements

Subsequent/consequential damages

Sudden emergency defence

Speed control unit

Surveillance cameras - video footage

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - T



Telephoning - Texting while driving

Terms and conditions regarding an Insurance Policy

Test of a reasonable man or motorist would have acted

Third party insurance cover

Third party insurance claim

Time frames a claim may take until a settlement offer

Top Up or lead insurance policies

Total loss - car written off

Towing and Storage issues after accident

Tracking Device and Reports

Traffic Accident Reconstruction Expert

Trade value

Traffic Act 1996 sec 61

Traffic Circle - Roundabout

Tyre burst - immediate emergency

Types of disputes, declines or shortfalls in claims

Tyre conditions in an accident issue

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - U



Unbiased and fair Investigation in circumstances of accidents

Uneconomically to repair car accident damage

Unfair claim decline

Unforeseeable danger in traffic

Unlawful driving - negligence or recklessness

Unlawful leaving the scene of the accident

Un-roadworthy motor vehicle driven in public traffic

Unsatisfactory settlement offer

Unsettled Motor Insurance claim

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - V



Values in a compensation claim

Value of Salvage in terms of write off

Vehicle Damage Assessment

Vehicle not roadworthy vehicle in public traffic

Vehicle not economically to repair

Venter v Dicson 1965 (4) SA 22 (E)

Video footage CCTV

VIN - Vehicle Identification Number

Violation of Insurance terms and conditions

Violation of traffic regulations or duties

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - W



Warning signs during claim evaluation

Weather conditions influence duty to drive

What to do just after the accident happened

When best claiming from own comprehensive cover or 3rd party

Witnesses Testimony in car accident issues

Written of - car status after destruction

Wrongdoer is liable for compensation

Wrongful conduct of a driver

Full Keyword List



Keywords Section - X Y Z



no entry




Caught up in a car accident

in South Africa, may force a party to claim damages from the wrongdoer,

or may lead to the need to defend against inflated or unrealistic claims.



RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action

Car accident lawyers and professional claim managers, enforcing traffic collision damages, effective, decisive but affordable.



Caught up in a traffic collision were motor cars/vehicles been involved, most of the time material damage or damage to property such as cars or other amenities, will come along with the impact.

An impact causes damages and compensation for repairs is automatically at stake.





RAMLA do concentrate on material or financial damage compensation claims, to get you be paid from the wrongdoer and/or liable party, in an accident scenario.

Such compensation claim can be one directly targeted against a wrongdoer in person, or dealing with representatives such as Lawyers or Motor Insurance Company claim deciders as a 3rd party claim.

Any claim needs to be funded on evidence and factual arguments supported by proof.

Proofing a claim is often easier said as done, as proof comes - in almost all cases - from the circumstances of the accident and evidence need attention right at the scene of impact.

Given if it is missed to secure evidence at the scene and its been not thoroughly attended to, it is time to do it now and act to secure all facts possible.

It is certainly not impossible to get such evidence, even in time after the accident, but it can be more difficult.



Free case analyse!

Dear valued reader, checking out the RAMLA car accident compensation platform; obviously you do have some traffic accident damage issues to solve.

Contact RAMLA for a free check and advice about your particular case issue. Just tell us about what happened and problem you face.






It may happen that potential witnesses left without identification, debris be cleared, faulty traffic lights be repaired, or CCTV footage deleted.

Pictures from the scene, document vehicle positions - damages etc., can only be taken, if and when cars still be in its places, which - once available - will have significant value in proofing facts and help reconstruct the impact or scenario.







As much important evidence is in itself, it is evenly relevant to know how to use it.

The ultimate goal is to be compensated for losses.

Experience is needed to be knowledgably and competently in order to address a claim and achieve a fair compensation pay.





Once a claim formulated, documented and served, still the reaction of other parties needs to be waited for and the content thereof to be analysed.

Results will define actions as what steps will or need to be taken next.





As a claim is formulated and supplied, it is to no certainty that reporting a fair claim, even if it is well documented, must lead the other party agree and accept and certainly pay the damages claimed.

Disputes can arise about the way all unfolded, the question of liability can be seen from different points of view, damage value or Quantum be under dispute and many more aspects of disputes can be raised, too much to get to in this column.





Another weak point can be a lack in knowledge how to handle a compensation claim.

People only looking for some advice only a while or even after a longer period of time, past the actual accident, and visit Web Pages such as this one you browse now - often late, and in the meantime doing all they can to address a compensation action to his/her own knowledge.



Many try to act on what may be at hand and they find and regard themselves to be fit for it.

This may work for a number of cases, as matters are clear and facts at hand are strong in its evidential role and the opponent or defendant do not argue unfair.

However it would be too optimistic to believe it is the normality. It is not, as it is almost the opposite, as many cases end up unsatisfactory.





Results or settlement offers may be incorrect in adjustment of liability, often named as contribution to the accident, by not adhere to all the duties, citing perhaps unreasonable precedents and/or allege and apply apportionment.

That may lead to significant losses, shortfalls or complete denial/repudiation of a claim.

Not any layman may be qualified to see through all of that and know if all what one faces in terms of reaction or settlement offers, will be fair and correct.

We do believe it is worth taking time and effort to check out on any doubt, before accepting any proposal.





Sometimes bodily injuries occur in a vehicle collision inflicting harm and pain to humans.

Even bodily injuries do have in some way a financial component and a victim need to be compensated in order to cope with recovery and subsequent costs etc.

However - we the author of this Web Platform - RAMLA - do not deal with bodily injuries claims.

Many specialised lawyers offer its services to solve matters pertaining a RAF (Road Accident Fund,) - bodily injury compensation claim, but the South African Government recommend a victim to first check and find out if one can claim without any specialist, in order not to spend a large portion of compensation on Lawyers fees.





car accident in South Africa



We are specialised expert's in all respects to motor car accident damage compensation
claiming damages, defending against unreasonable or inflated claims, working in Motor Insurance disputes, in all those subjects over a long period of almost 15 years.

We attended thousands of requests, analysing, supporting and pursue material car accident claims, expertly, effective, economical and affordable.

Such excellent service can be to your service Nationwide, in South Africa.



Free case analyse!

Dear valued reader, checking out the RAMLA car accident compensation platform; obviously you do have some traffic accident damage issues to solve.

Contact RAMLA for a free check and advice about your particular case issue. Just tell us about what happened and problem you face.


Road Accident Management & Legal Action (RAMLA) can professionally represent clients, taking care of their interests, which can be the solution you may look for.

You will find a lot more of useful information on the RAMLA web pages.

Check out for keyword links in the left column to select your topic.



Not each and every car accident compensation claim will handled fair, correct and reasonable.





Initially important is, to know the definition of what we have to understand, is full and fair motor accident damage compensation.

But even before doing so, we have to clarify that the South African System of motor car accident compensation, is split into the sector of bodily injuries, which deals with compensation actions regarding injuries to the human body and material damages, such as compensation for car destruction or consequential damages.

The RAMLA web pages, you are browsing currently, only focus on material damage compensation and civil claim actions to be financial/material losses paid for full and fair, resulting from traffic accidents.







In terms of compensation, the South African law say:

You should materially be compensated to the state before accident, so that you will be able to repair your car to pre-collision status, or if repair cost will exceed such pre-collision or market value; and the car be called a write off, be compensated to the amount of money the car been worth to time of impact, minus any sellable value or Salvage of the vehicle.





That means either you cannot expect a new car (some exemptions excluded here i.e. if your motor vehicle new, not older than a year since being on the road the first time, or depreciation kick in, if your car is fairly used and the marks of wear and tear, impacting your auto value to a specific time.

But even an older motor car must be repaired to manufacturer's standards to maintain the roadworthy status, as long as it will not be a write off.







car accident in South Africa



car accident in South Africa



Motor car accident damage claims may get into difficulties, once another party do not agree with what is claimed for.

Differences may be to condition of Quantum/Repair costs or of Liability.

Disputes must be addressed and corroborated by factual evidence, such as witness statements or pictures, CCTV footage or any other suitable evidence.

A successful claim should be supported by merits, so the other party do not have much to argue, but compelled to accept the claim demand and pay.





car accident in South Africa



car accident in South Africa





A claim launched with your own motor insurance company (comprehensive claim), will have to look on what you have covered under your policy, before any acceptance can be decided upon.

Depending on the cover taken, it can be the insured did accept some contribution, such as excess and the claim process need to be according to terms & conditions of the insurance contract.

A 3rd party claim, directed to the perpetrator however, must give you full compensation and no clauses, as insurance excess or any limitations in a insurance policy apply. Only the law of delict will be applicable to decide liability.

Any claim for car accident damage compensation can go wrong, be disputed or even declined.



As soon as in the process of a claim pursuit any disturbance or unusual investigation requests are noticed, it will be highly advisable to check critically, if your own knowledge and skill is sufficient to perform a vehicle crash compensation action your own, or if you should consider practical support by professionals.

Motor car accident damage claim service, in South Africa






The procedure and pursuit of your claim for motor car accident damage compensation in South Africa (SA)

A claim for compensation against another car driver or vehicle owner is a process and cannot be explained in a sentence.

There is a lot about the way to claim and about dispute issues or problems, that can occur in a particular and always individual case, on our comprehensive WEB info platform.

However, as it is often the case, individual problems need individual answers and/or actions.

You are invited to contact RAMLA for a free initial case analyse and advice, by contact us by email ramla@ramla.co.za tell us what happened and the problems you face or expect, for a free reply and advice.

Should you do not like contacting us now, but need more information, check the keyword list to select your issue and find more on the linked page.

Free case analyse!

Dear valued reader, checking out the RAMLA car accident compensation platform; obviously you do have some traffic accident damage issues to solve.

Contact RAMLA for a free check and advice about your particular case issue. Just tell us about what happened and problem you face.











car accident in South Africa



car accident in South Africa



RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident

RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident



RAMLA Road accident management - Car Accident



car accident in South Africa

Inflated or unjust claims need proper defence against unreasonable vehicle accident compensation actions





Defending against inflated claims isn't as challenging as perhaps thought.



Defence against unrealistic, unjustified or inflated claims is a need to do, if alleged to be held liable for car accident damages, which do not fall in your responsibilities.

It is always an inconvenient situation when defensive actions are needed, as to alleged of wrongdoing, which isn't true or fair.

However any person unfairly accused of wrongdoing and causing damages to another in a motor car collision, must enter into defence, not to risk to be sued and end up innocently be judged against one and subsequently face execution, against all of your property.

It should be noted that a claim against a person, is only dangerous, if not defended properly.

Defensive actions mean, deny a claim and its accusation, simple and clear and request proof of facts and merits.

Only if such evidential facts indeed be supplied and its content suest not to allow challenging the accusation, it will be advisable to look for a compromise or settlement agreement.

It must be known, that a person sue another in a Court of Law, must proof that the allegations are true and fair on a balance of probabilities.

Should such a proof cannot be shown, a case is lost and dismissed with costs and the Defendant is released from any liability or compensation payment.

In order to avoid unnecessary risk and hassle, it is highly recommended to utilise professional support to rebut unfair allegations, not to lose out on reasons of lack of knowledge, how to act against such allegations.



Free case analyse!

Dear valued reader, checking out the RAMLA car accident compensation platform; obviously you do have some traffic accident damage issues to solve.

Contact RAMLA for a free check and advice about your particular case issue. Just tell us about what happened and problem you face.




Motor car accident damage claim service, in South Africa



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RAMLA is a specialised expert in all MVA matters, claims, disputes (3rd party / comprehensive Insurance cover) and defensive actions against unreasonable or inflated claims, professional - affordable.    Contact RAMLA for your support to have a damage claim paid or defenced.      Contact     







Motor Vehicle Accident

We offer the solution in Car Accident matters, analysing, supporting, demanding, corresponding, negotiating, settlement agreements and further taking matters to a court of law in South Africa, if no amicable solution could be found, in pre-litigation, to best favourable conditions in a professional and decisive routine.


car accident in South Africa
Facing challenges with motor car accident issues in South Africa?

RAMLA will be the solution,

demanding compensation, resolving disputes, defending against inflated or unreasonable claims,

in all sectors of vehicle accident damage compensation problems.

car accident in South Africa


car accident in South Africa



Motor vehicle accidents happens every day on public roads, often causing damages to property

Utilise the affordable professional solutions RAMLA offers clients in South Africa, to solve such repercussions.

Denied or rejected motor insurance claim

 car accident in South Africa

car accident in South Africa

   Your specialised legal expert to sort out MVA matters

                  Professional - competent - swift - decisive and affordable






Road Accident Management & Legal Action



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The first stop solution for any MVA problem





Motor insurance accident compensation claims, disputes or decline, in regard to comprehensive cover with one of the South African motor insurance companies.





Motor Insurance Policy - rights and obligations, risks and benefits, claim declines based on various reasons, revoke of cover, shortfalling settlement

We are dealing with your rights and obligations, risks and benefits, if it comes to a claim for MVA damage compensation, directed to your own insurance company, launching a claim against your comprehensive motor insurance cover.

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Claiming from a South African motor insurance company is not always smooth sailing. The worst case will be a declined or rejected claim, if you need it most.

If you need support, RAMLA can help you to take the matter forward, even in declined motor insurance claim matters.

In the first place, talking about comprehensive motor insurance cover, one need to understand that the main source of guiding the relationship between you, the insured and the company, is the policy and the terms & conditions, of your insurance contract.

In a case of a claim, you the insured hope and trust on the backing and pay-out, for what one believe the risk is covered under the policy. Right here differences may be found, if you don't know exactly what you are covered for and how a claim will be handled, in case of determination for acceptance or rejection of a claim.

    Go directly to Headlines   page index selection          RAMLA service in South Africa



You will find it easy to deal with your insurance company, if you are classified as a "good risk". This means you will be a client for a certain time already and always paid your premiums to date, but more importantly, you did not claim.

Such good risk, all companies are looking for and in order to keep this type of clients happy, they will probably be generous and quick, if unfortunately one must claim against the policy, once in a while.

But visiting this web page and read the content, dealing with issues or problems, does indicate you don't have the luck of being such "good risk", but looking for a solution solving the differences.





RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action



car accident in South Africa

Get a unbiased and intially free reply to your inquiry where you are and what is the way forward - free of charge - just to enhance confidence trusting RAMLA expertise, before you mandate us.

if you want be paid compensation for yor car accident damages or in a need to defend you against unreasonalbe or inflated claims,

Contact us NOW

RAMLA is a specialist in motor accident damage recovery claims. Our team can help you through the process and minimise trouble affecting you in a claim.


An insured motorist may face difficulties, if in need to claim more often. Such claimant must be aware to be scrutinised more in particular, according the policy terms of the policy and circumstances of the car accident.

This will especially be expectable, if one just concluded the contract and soon thereafter need to claim, or the traffic accident happen at night time, or other suspicious aspects appear.

Another frequent issue having the insurers alarm bells ringing, will be, if the car has been driven by someone else as the so called "regular driver", nominated driver or named in the policy (another than the one listed to drive the vehicle overwhelmingly) and/or if the accident happened in an area far away from the insured risk area, combined with another driver as the regular one.

Those scenarios will almost certain trigger Investigations.

Other minor incidents has been utilised for declining a legitimate claim, such as alleged unlawful leaving the scene of the accident or not obeying the rules and traffic regulation, violation of the Insurance policy or terms & conditions.

It must however be emphasised that a decline of cover can only be uphold successfully, if the insured or the permitted driver has been behaved recklessness. Only just making a mistake, don't be concentrated or properly focussed on driving, which may be classified as driving negligence in public traffic cannot be utilised successful for an insurance claim decline.

But, it can indeed be a challenge to get through to the decider and convince him/her, reversing the wrong decision. The "might" of the Insurance apparatus and the experience of handling, declining claims, are to the Insurers advantage, by far.

Once in a conflict with your own insurance company, strange circumstances can develop. Based on a number of factors, such as breach of the terms (which can entail a variety of arguments), or findings by the assessor or investigator, in pursuing the work to analyse the case circumstances, probabilities and the damage, can lead to a conflict, which needed to be sorted out, by supplying proper facts, rebutting any such allegations.



RAMLA is a specialised legal expert in all MVA matters, claims, disputes (3rd party / comprehensive Insurance cover) and defensive actions against unreasonable or inflated claims, professional - affordable.    Contact RAMLA for your support to have a damage claim paid or defenced.      Contact      car accident in South Africa


If not successful, there is commonly the possibility of a dispute resolution department or person, within the Insurers Organisation, that can be approached to review matters.

Should that even fail, the way to the Ombudsman for short term Insurance (OSTI) can be taken. If that even fails, the reasons must be analysed in detail and if found all those declines aren't coherent with other evidence or just applied from not acceptable allegations, the matter can still go to a court of law.

It becomes even more common, that motor insurances don't just analyse the damages by assessment, but engage an investigator to check out backgrounds, witnesses etc. finding some reasons to argue or decline a claim, if some indicators suggest so.

But it must be pointed out that by far not all investigation results are credible and made in a forensic or investigative acceptable manner. Once getting into the details of such investigations, it may be found that they just lack credibility, and should be challenged.



RAMLA - car accident damage claim service South Africa


Traffic accidents causing car damages happen every day on our roads, in South Africa. The challenges to get compensation for destruction to a vehicle or motor car are different, as to the circumstances and situation.

A short breakdown of the headlines on this page will be found by just scrolling down a bit. Those information's given are of a general nature and it may not always explain or suggest a perfect solution for a particular matter.

This is why RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action - offers a first free analyse and response to persons, faced with motor car accident compensation issues.

RAMLA is a specialised Expert in all MVA - Motor Vehicle Accident - matters and our work is focused just on solution to get compensation paid, Insurance disputes solved or taking defensive measures against unrealistic or inflated claims.

We may well be one of the most experienced experts in MVA compensation matters in South Africa. Anyone having a problem within the spectrum is welcome to contact us.

How to contact RAMLA, in what way best to do and what we need knowing to reply
car accident in South Africa   Your specialised expert to sort out MVA matters

                  Professional - competent - swift - decisive and affordable






What you should know and better not miss out to do, when dealing with your insurance company and maintaining your policy duties.

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We listed some information, which will help you to understand your obligations and rights in terms of your motor insurance policy or contract and what at least to do, when you are involved in a vehicle accident.

Find and select information's to the topics of:

   1. Interaction with Insurances in regard to comprehensive cover



   2. Getting your comprehensive insurance claim started

2.1. Open a claim with your insurance

2.2. Dealing with the claim in the process of approval

 

   3. Disputes in the process of an insurance claim

3.1. Apportionment of liability - shortfall of compensation

3.2. Problems resulting out of insurance damage assessments

  

   4. Rejected, denied or declined Motor Insurance claims

Your car insurance company reject a claim based on breach of terms.

4.1. If your premiums are not paid up, it will hamper your cover

4.2. You haven't disclosed relevant information when concluding the contract

4.3. Missed updating policy details as to define the regular driver or relocation

4.4. Driving a not roadworthy vehicle

4.5. You are accused of driving under alcohol or drugs

4.6. Texting or telephoning while driving

4.7. Breach of the rules of the road

4.8. Not taking reasonable precaution

4.9. Drunk driving, driving without licence, or severe overload

4.10. Decline in regard of the regular driver or change of permanent area of use

   

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(5) Your obligations in relations with your motor insurance policy

5.1.    Your premiums must be paid up.

5.2.    You must report a claim even if you don't intend to utilise the cover

5.3.    Furnishing the insurance with all requested or relevant information

5.4.    Honesty and compliance with your T & C is important

    

Ombudsman rulings and comments on several insurance disputes

6.1.    How to work with the OSTI and how register a claim

6.2.    How to argue in a OSTI case for review

6.3.    Who can approach the Ombudsaman for case review

6.4.    Claim rejected as to negligent driving

6.5.    Reasonable precaution an obligation but not always reason for decline

6.6.    Can bad Tyre's be a reason for rejecting a claim

6.7.    Speeding as cause for the accident

     

General issues to prepare and finaliese an insurance claim

7.1.    Gathering full and correct information to document your matter

7.2.    Track and trace a driver not disclosing the details

7.3.    Conclude settlement with the insurance company

7.4.    Do I need an attorney or an MVA expert to fight the insurance

Headlines and Issues on this page
Contact RAMLA for a free fact check and advice







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Motor Car Accident, in South Africa?
You want your car accident damages being paid for and receive your material vehicle accident damage compensation for destructions, suffered in a traffic accident on South African roads?

You are welcome to contact RAMLA to receive free advice after a free accident fact check to determine your position.

Contact RAMLA (Road Accident Management & Legal Action), tell us your Motor Vehicle Accident story, the issues of concern, the problems you detect or face and get a free check and advice how to proceed. We will check and analyse your individual case and revert to you - most of the time in short circle -.

For best results contact us by email initially, give us an idea of the incident, attach one or two pictues of the damages or relevant situation, the extend or value of the damages suffered - if already assessed -.

In case of an Insurance claim decline, supply us with a copy of the repudidation letter, of give us the reason for the rejection and name the Insurance Company.

Should you like talking to us (phone contact displayed below), do that after the initial email briefing, but keep in mind even we need some time to check about your matter first.

You are welcome to utilise such valuable absolutely free inital advice. *

 
car accident in South Africa

RAMLA can be the solution in MVA matters

Do you know that RAMLA is a specialised expert in handling and enforcing or defending all kind of MVA (motor vehicle accident) matters, pursuing motor car accident compensation claims, Insurance dispute resolutions, for its clients - effective - professional - decisive and resolute, to best and affordable fees.

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As you probably have recognised on our comprehensive web information platform, we do know what we are taking about.

We do invite anyone in South Africa, facing an MVA (motor vehicle accident) problem, to contact us for a first - free - analyse of your particular matter and get initial advice how to proceed.

As a specialist in traffic accident recovery actions, we act for clients/members in the relevant manner, but based on a paid mandate or membership, if a need of practical support arises.

We do offer a free first advice, to determinate your case and give you a direction how and what may be the way forward, in order to build confidence with a potential client.

As professional specialists, in charge of acting in motor accident damage claims in South Africa, we offer a well performing, decisive and demanding claim pursuit, at affordable fees.


  RAMLA will be your one-stop car accident claim service in South Africa

       motor car accident damage claim is complex             

When you need claim support for car accident damage compensation, in South Africa you are on the right web page.


It's so easy contacting us by email.

The effective way will be sending an email containing the nature, damage and problems detected. Once sent through to us, we will study the matter and after analysing the facts, we get back to you by email (most commonly within about 3 hours), with the result and advice,

- free of charge.

If you like to explain your problem to our claim manager on duty, you are welcome to contact us by phone for an initial briefing on cell 076 770 3179 (standard rates apply).

For best results: dont't just call, once you took notice of the opportunity!

First think what you like to get accross, best file it as email and call therafter.

For reasons to convince you not just calling immediately, please follow: how to contact RAMLA successfully.

It will be much more effective; if we do get a briefing of the matter via email, before a telephone call, so we will be prepared answering your questions.


Car accident compensation claims for damages, may cause some headache,

in South Africa.

RAMLA can be the solution to sort out MVA problems.

Not everything in a compensation action goes smooth and the way wanted, as we are confronted with numerous possible challenges.

RAMLA is a specialised expert in material car accident damage claims,

demanding, enforcing compensation actions, supporting disputes with Motor Insurance Companies or its agents, work in Ombudsman's review cases, or defend a motorist against unreasonable or inflated compensation claims.

Contact RAMLA to analyse your case, and get a free opinion where you stand and what to do next. You can contact RAMLA 7/24 and receive a response soon.


It's so easy, just e mail your story and attach what you got to make the RAMLA claim manager understand your problem.

Just draft a brief report of what had happen and send it (use this mail link) to RAMLA for free analyses and you will receive a reply soon.


Contact us now and let us know how we can help you?


car accident in South Africa

email us your story and details to ramla@ramla.co.za for a free first analyse and advice.

RAMLA offers full legal support to solve car accident claim, a comprehensive claim preparation and action to enforce compensation, all the way up to a court case.





more about ......

Car accident claims for material damage, in regard to your comprehensive South African motor insurance cover; what you should do and what you better not miss out to do.

   2. Getting your comprehensive insurance claim started

2.1. Open or not open a claim with your insurance

2.1.1. Open and report a claim with your insurance

2.1.2. Attention when reporting the details of the accident for a claim

2.2. Dealing with the claim in the process of approval



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2.1 You are involved in a traffic accident in South Africa and like to make a decision, whether or not to report your motor insurance claim, to your insurance company, you should understand some things:

in short to say, always report any incident, that can lead to a claim against your insurance cover, immediately, even if you made arrangements with all the parties involved. Any party can change mind!

Motorists who are involved in a vehicle accident often have questions about whether or not they should file a claim with their motor insurance company and when to file the claim. If you have been involved in a motor car accident, you may not want to put in a claim to your insurer, because you suspect that your insurance premiums will go up in future.

You should think twice when you decide not to report or file a claim with your insurance, despite the fear of rates increases, as unexpected consequences coming later, might be detrimental to you.

Just reporting a claim, or inform your insurance company, that a car accident happened, does not mean, you make a claim for a pay-out at the same time. If you decide not to claim for a pay now and let your insurance company know, you're dealing with the claim, without them initially involved, you are safe in a case if matters escalate later as you cannot come to terms with the other party.

Not coming to terms with the other party can trigger a claim against your policy, some time later and if you haven't informed your insurance company of the possibility a claim may or may not come, it is expectable you don't have insurance cover for this particular case.



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An insured motorist should understand the terms and condition and act accordingly to all you have accepted, but on the other hand even force the insurer to be awarded all you are covered for, once you need to claim.

When been involved in a motor accident, it's critical to know what your insurance policy requires you to do, because it could make it easier for you to decide whether or not to file a claim. The policy already might require you to report or file a claim at all, regardless if you consider not doing it now.

Most car insurance policies explicit require you to notify your motor insurance company of any "occurrence" or "event," like an accident, that might lead to a claim being made under your motor insurance policy, whenever there is any possibility that you, or someone else could ask for compensation from the insurance company, you have to notify them in time.

Lots of insurance companies require you to notify them in a specific manner, which is stated in the insurance policy or as required by state law, probably by calling a specific telephone number or you may be required to give the insurance company a written notice of the accident, may be even on a particular form. Time limits for giving such notice and the form will be defined in your insurance contract.

You may face problems, if you don't file a claim or give such notice to your insurance company. The worst problem you may find is that the insurance company cancels your policy, because you didn't do what you accepted with the terms and condition. Remember, an insurance policy is a contract, and if you don't do what you have agreed to do, you violate or "breach" the contract, which may allow the insurance company to deny your claim or cancel your policy.

If you do not report any such accident, it can lead the insurer to reject the damage claim, at a later stage.



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(2) Getting your comprehensive insurance claim started make sure all will be correct reported

Open a claim with your insurance

Just after or even at the scene of the accident, you will or should contact your insurance company, to inform them that you might need to open a claim under your comprehensive cover.

Some motor insurance companies even offering some support you may need, just after the auto accident happened, i.e. a trustworthy and insurance approved towing service. You should just know which way to contact your insurance company or broker, before you drive off, as a car accident can catch you always and certainly unexpectedly.

After you contacted your insurance company, you should get a reference no your claim will be registered under. This reference number will always be helpful, if you or another one on your behalf, need to get in touch with your insurance.

As a general rule, you should not act and agree for services rendered at the place of the accident, without knowing the conditions. This is especially important, if any road assistance or towing will be needed, which may sometimes be offered, quicker as the ambulance will be there.

Be careful, as some of those service providers take chances, trying to overcharge for towing and very often for storage costs. Most motor insurance companies don't pay all of those costs, if they didn't select or approve the provider.

Be especially alerted, if your car is in danger to be classified as "write off" and not movable without assistance. Don't let the vehicle on any towing yard or other place of storage coming with costs, longer as the shortest possible time.

Insurances regularly only cover such costs, if so at all, unless damages are assessed. Should you just let the car unattended, you may face inappropriate high bills and a refusal to release the vehicle, before not all is settled.

As observed too many times, some "storage" facilities charge fees comparable to Airport parking rates, which is absolutely unacceptable. Should you just learned about those detrimental possibilities, act immediately.

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What must be attended by or known when reporting the details of the accident for a claim

The content of the details reported for a perusal of a claim can be crucial in the process.

A claim report should be made after having thought through all the details needed to be taken into account and the one reporting the claim, probably initially over the phone (which will be recorded) or in a written statement must know, that those information are tested against the honesty clause in the terms & conditions of the policy.

In a telephonic report, which as mentioned always will be recorded, the person questioning have a trained skill of asking questions, in order to draft the data for further evaluation.

Any sort of inconsistence with issues or circumstances probably found in a later investigation, can easily lead to a claim decline on the basis of dishonesty, even if there has been no awareness or intend to do so by the insured reporting.

Once on record and proven inconsistencies are found or at least attempted to proof being of such nature, will most commonly lead to a repudiation and can even lead to the cancellation of the motor insurance policy.

The reports, either telephonically or written, will even be tested against other types of obligations an insured is obliged to adhere to, such as breaking the rules of the road, not be vigilant enough to protect against loss of property as other factors that may play a role.

If the information supplied isn't congruent and logical in itself, some problems may be in the forecast.





RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action



car accident in South Africa

Get a unbiased and intially free reply to your inquiry where you are and what is the way forward - free of charge - just to enhance confidence trusting RAMLA expertise, before you mandate us.

if you want be paid compensation for yor car accident damages or in a need to defend you against unreasonalbe or inflated claims,

Contact us NOW

RAMLA is a specialist in motor accident damage recovery claims. Our team can help you through the process and minimise trouble affecting you in a claim.



Dealing with the claim in the process of approval

Once you reported your claim to your insurance, in the manner your T & C may require, you want to get your damages settled as fair and quick as possible.

You will be required to supply certain documents, enabling your insurance claim adjuster to have a clear picture of your case.

Most often it consist out of: your own draft accident report, a copy of the police report, your car - registration - document (not the licence) a copy of your driver's licence the damage assessment or quote and most often a sketch showing the causes and movements of the accident.

Certainly all insurance companies can have different requirements, and you need to meet those best you can.

The insurance adjuster will now check the matter and take measures to examine what they deem fit. It can be that they reach out for legal advice, from its departments or external legal advisers.

In cases where the damages will reach a certain amount (depending of the sole discretion of your insurance company) they will order a damage assessment, carried out by one of the assessors/adjustors they work with.

The results of those examinations will have a major impact, on how any settlement offer may look like. So for you, it is important to know what is going on and best be on site during such assessment.

Kindly note that one of the tasks of an insurance assessor is, to downscale damages as good as ever possible and don't expect it as certain you will get an independent and fair calculation.

Most insurance companies only pay for storage cost until the date of the assessment. So if your car will be stored at a place that charges for the parking, make sure you move it or make arrangements with either the storage company or your insurance. Missing out, it can become costly and even cause a fight with the storing company before they release the vehicle, if not paid up what they will charge you.

All together, the process of an insurance claim, will take some time, and you shouldn't expect a settlement just after some days.



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RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action



car accident in South Africa

Get a unbiased and intially free reply to your inquiry where you are and what is the way forward - free of charge - just to enhance confidence trusting RAMLA expertise, before you mandate us.

if you want be paid compensation for yor car accident damages or in a need to defend you against unreasonalbe or inflated claims,

Contact us NOW

RAMLA is a specialist in motor accident damage recovery claims. Our team can help you through the process and minimise trouble affecting you in a claim.



(3) Disputes in the process of an insurance claim

3.1. Apportionment of liability may very well cause a shortfall in compensation

3.2. Problems resulting out of insurance damage assessments

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3.1. Apportionment of liability and damages leading to
        pay partly for other peoples/parties damages

What does it mean - Apportionment of Liability - and what will be the effect to your pay out?

Apportionment will be needed to understand as a part of liability caused by contributable negligence, that will be blamed on more than just one party, causing a traffic accident. In short, more than one party is at fault out of whatever reasons.

But, and this is a warning, car accident in South Africa our motor insurance claim adjusters, by far too often and wrong apply apportioning, in order to drop down pay-out. It is therefore important knowing if any such apportioning is fair and applicable, which isn't always easy.

In terms of compensation for damages, this apportioning the settlement contribution, will result for the parties found causal for the accident at all to a financial contribution for all the damages add togeher and thereafter apportioned to the percentage of liability alledged.

In a case, just two parties are involved in the road accident; both parties have to pay a certain amount of the combined damages of both participants, to the determined percentage of contribution.

The determination of the percentage however can be viewed from different angles and as most of those decisions are made by insurance claim admins, such must not always reflect the very truth, as commonly they are looked on one sided. Only a determination of a court of law, will look on both sides equally and its decision may be fair and needed acceptance.

As an example for partly liability:

Car A in front of B is intended to make a U turn on a road marked with a red or white solid line (not allowed to cross) between the two directions of the road, with a speed limit of 60 km/h.

In this example the road have two lanes in both directions and both vehicles drove on the right lane in the same direction. The driver of car A, driving in front of B, attempted to turn left and thereby clearly violates the rules of the road. Turning isn't allowed right here, but nevertheless he did it without hitting anyone else and did have observed the opposite traffic before, showing a safe possibility to turn, despite prohibited to do so.

Car B follows A, haven't observed the traffic sufficiently and/or not maintain a proper safety distance, bumped into car A and caused damages to both vehicles, without applying evasive measures avoiding the impact.

Despite the clear failure of A to turn inappropriate, B isn't just allowed to bump into A. In this case B should have taken evasive measurers, such as breaking and come to a still stand before impact or even just swerve to the other lane, which had been free of traffic, bypass the obstacle to the time of impact.

The fact that B didn't avoid the accident, despite there had been possibilities not but bumping into A, makes the driver B the more liable party. The mistake of A to turn where it's not allowed makes driver A even partly liable.

But what needs to be addressed clearly, that B wouldn't be partly liable, have he had made such evasive attempts to the best he could and despite such not been able to avoid the collision, driver B may not at all be partly liable, as following all obligations in traffic legislation, being aware of danger doing the best possible under the circumstances, to avoid a collision.

What may be drawn from that is, that liability and non-liability can be very close to each other and only some, but important differences will distinguish liability or participants.

The determination of the part or percentage of liability is always an individual matter. Motor insurance companies tend to blame the other party, being partly liable easily.

But those decisions can be one sided and not necessarily definite a partly liability correct.

Motor insurance claim admins, do have an arsenal of prepared statements, drawn from legal cases in the past, citing them as to be appropriate in comparison to this particular car accident, stating that those give them the right to blame and determine the extend of liability of a party, in regard to the precedent.

But there is nearly no traffic collision just as another and even the judges/magistrates accepts, that any case will be different and precedent's just serve for the nature and not the circumstances and should the Insurer ignore those fundamentals, such argumentation must be challenged.



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Problems resulting out of insurance damage assessments

The calculation or assessment of damages resulting out of a traffic accident is a central matter, next to the question of liability.

As we are focusing dealing with comprehensive motor insurance cover and challenges on the way to settlement here, we do mean the assessment results, a motor car damage assessor, in mandate of the insurance company comes out with.

The aim of an assessment of car accident dmages should be, that the insurance client will be compensated full and fair, to repair or replace the damaged vehicle.

Unfortunately this cannot be seen or taken as guaranteed. Certainly not all calculations made under the supervision of the insurance company must be subject to criticisms. But unfortunately it happens more than just sometimes that there is a need dealing with a bad, wrong or biased damage assessment. Many reasons can be possible for such outcome. There are i.e. bonuses schemes that award those who have a smaller pay-out per claim as others, or someone suspect in any claim fraud against the Insurer, caused by clients or claimants inflating claims to make a fortune. Others try hard to apply terms and conditions to decline claims, often on reasons not even having a connecting relation to the accident at all.

The problems can be:

Wrong calculations as to lack of professionalism and knowledge.

Assessments in favour of a party (in this case the insurance company) detrimental to the insured.

Wrong assumptions on crucial issues or circumstances.

Wrong classification of vehicle damages when called a "write off" or beyond repair and totalled, without proper backing of facts and values.

Other problems can arise out of interviews with the assessor, or assumptions made on influential factors, being said causing the accident, i.e. assumed non roadworthiness of the vehicle, tyres not having the prescribed profile anymore, alleged drunk driving and a lot of more things.

Remember that all those allegations can, but certainly must not be true and if true it must be backed by proof to have a valid impact. Without proof allegations are of little value and should be rebutted and not accepted.

RAMLA as a specialist in motor car accident damage matters, can support someone in need charging just reasonable fees.



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               Contact RAMLA . . .   for your free initial case analyse   Now
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RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action



car accident in South Africa

Get a unbiased and intially free reply to your inquiry where you are and what is the way forward - free of charge - just to enhance confidence trusting RAMLA expertise, before you mandate us.

if you want be paid compensation for yor car accident damages or in a need to defend you against unreasonalbe or inflated claims,

Contact us NOW

RAMLA is a specialist in motor accident damage recovery claims. Our team can help you through the process and minimise trouble affecting you in a claim.


(4) Rejected Insurance claims out of various reasons:
4.1. If your premiums are not paid up, it will hamper your cover

4.2. You haven't disclosed relevant information when concluding the contract

4.3. Missed updating policy details as to define the regular driver or relocation

4.4. Driving a not roadworthy vehicle

4.5. You are accused of driving under alcohol or drugs

4.6. Texting or telephoning while driving

4.7. Breach of the rules of the road

4.8. Not taking reasonable precaution

4.9. Drunk driving, driving without licence, or severe overload

4.10. Decline as the regular driver changes or permanent area of use

Your car insurance company reject a claim based on your comprehensive motor insurance cover on reasons of:

What to do if my own motor insurance company - comprehensive motor insurance cover - disappoints me with the settlement, or completely repudiate my claim, and I do not accept the arguments they come forward with.

If you make use of your comprehensive motor insurance cover, to solve the bitter results of car accident damages, you may even not be the liable party, caused the road accident crash, but you are looking for an amicable solution and settlement. This is why you take motor insurance cover.

Unfortunately there can be a variety of reasons that lead the motor insurance company to reject, deny, or decline your claim. Breach of your terms and conditions are most commonly seen as the main reasons utilised to reject a claim.

We need to repeat, that insured motorists classified as "bad insurance risk" - people needed to claim either early after the conclusion of the contract or need to put in a claim more often than expected, must brace themselves for problems. Just having one claim in a long term period and have paid up your premiums, will give you a more amicable solution.



Obstacles to overcome in a claim denial can be you are accused of:



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4.1. Your premiums are not paid up.

Premiums for motor insurance cover must be paid up, to have a valid cover.

If one don't pay the premiums, even within a period of grace, your motor insurance will rightfully not cover or entertain any claim occurred in a period of outstanding payments.

It is up to you to organise any reinstatement of your cover with your insurance, best before you are on the road, if you like relying on cover. Make sure you do know all the conditions to be met, if a reinstatement takes place.

First premiums for a new policy cover, or cover after changing the Insurer, not paid before the car is on the road, may very certainly give some problems to get a claim attended or paid, if the premium isn't paid, but the nightmare happened.

Everybody should be cautious and sceptical if there is an announcement, you are covered now - and you haven't paid. One better only drive off the show floor, if there is evidence that a cover is in place, even without at least the first instalment paid.

Such similar risks can easily occur when an Insurer will be changed. To be particularly conscientious of that risk, will be the best protection and rather pay first and drive thereafter.

However if such scenario happens, that there is ascertained that cover is given, but the first pay not in the Insurers account, there are possibilities to force compensation pay-out, but will depend on particular and individual circumstances.

If there are challenges over a longer period of time, paying the insurance premiums in time, it may be an option to cancel the cover rather earlier and drive very restrictive, having the best control over the vehicle possible, and if there is an opportunity take the premiums not paid for cover and put it in a savings account, so you do have something if a risk can't be avoided.

It is actually a good way to go and save those premiums and drive cautiously. That can give a carefully driving motorist some extra retirement funds, but affords strict adherence to pay into the savings account, at least unless a substantial amount will be reached, that will cover a conventional accident damage claim.

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4.2. Alledged you haven't disclosed relevant information or not been completely honest, when concluding the contract or reporting a claim.

As you know your relation to your insurance is contractual. That means both parties need to abide to the rules, laid out in the policy and its attachments etc.

A central obligation can be, to update your insurer about certain factors, you may find negligible and therefore, you didn't do so, as it is your duty.

Those are commonly: Regular driver, risk area, and coverage of the car during day or night. Those issues are frequently the matter of investigation and if not properly updated may cause some trouble, if car accident damage need to be compensated.

Violating your duties, it is an easy point for your insurer to scrutinise and find arguments, if they want to give you a hard time, or even entitle them eventually to reject your claim, rightfully but not fair, at least from your point of view.

A number of those declines can be challenged in a dispute resolution process with the insurer and further reviewed in and Ombudsman approach, if the matter in question is based on comprehensive cover.

However experience tell, that just repeating the arguments of the past, is most commonly not good enough to get a decline exchanged against a pay-out.

A complainant should really know what is fact and what is fiction, as they deal with people don't do anything else as dealing with MVA - Motor Vehicle Accident claims, on a daily bases. Getting some experienced support in time, can be of huge benefit and can alter the outcome of a dispute review, getting an advanced financial recuperation. You can check out RAMLA, to help with or pursuit your matter.

It is further very important, that you can proof you updated any data that may be required. RAMLA dealt with a number of cases where the client insists to have updated the circumstances, but the insurance denied to ever receiving the relevant information.

The reason for your insurer, to have actual knowledge of any such changes required to update, is to enable them to calculate the risk on the true and actual circumstances.

I.e let's say, your car is now relocated to another city or province, where the insurance determine other rates apply, they will probably succeed against any complaint, even before the ombudsman, if indeed the change of the risk profile would have created a higher risk and therefore entitle them for higher premiums.



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4.3. Missed updating your policy details as to define the regular driver or relocation, change of the risk area the car is regularly driven.

Motor insurance companies commonly requires specified changes in the personal environment to be updated to the policy, as they claim those factors may have influence on the risk and premiums accordingly. The argument is low risk, low premium, and high risk higher premiums.

What however is observed in regard of the above, that those obligations, sometimes rather neglected by the insured, being used to decline a claim, in which suspicious circumstances may have been detected, if no better arguments for repudiation can be found.

As an example: most insured are obliged to update the policy if they have defaulted on debt, even given the premiums always been paid in time. The default does not have any effect on the policy, as long the premiums are paid in time, but can and had been utilised to decline a claim, once it could be established that a financial default has been detected.

Why is "regular driver" and "nominated driver" important for car the motor car insurance?

One part in the terms and conditions of motor vehicle insurance policies, commonly stipulates who is the "regular driver" or a "nominated driver", meaning drivers that are legitimate to utilise the insured motor car and been covered for risks being the overwhelmingly most common driver.

Not jeopardy problems or even give the insurer the chance to reject a claim on this reason, in a case to claim for motor accident damage compensation, it is important that the insured correctly identify and disclose the regular driver. In cases where more than one person will drive a motor vehicle regularly, they should all be registered with the policy.

It won't help an insured to pay the premiums, if there is no certainty that in case of a claim, it will not be rejected on technical terms, even if a full and truthful declaration of the regular user may increase the monthly instalment.

On the other hand, a car owner will be entitled to allow others, not frequently driving the car, to drive it, here and there for whatever purpose, as long they are proper licenced. Those drivers are regularly covered under the policy, if unexpectedly an accident occurs in such time the vehicle is given to a third person.

However, if a vehicle is given to another, not registered as the regular driver, for permanent or overwhelming use, this will be against the policy and the idea of insurance cover, as to calculate risk to the profile of the driver, - age, experience, personal effects etc. -, and the risk emanating from the type of a vehicle, such as value. It is most evident that i.e. a Ferrari will be more expensive as a VW, so premiums will be higher. Sports cars or tuned editions of types may indicate a more risky driving attitude as a good old family van.

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Taking on the policy, everybody will be questioned about the regular driver and notified about the importance to update, to have a valid cover.

If i.e. an insured do have several or more than one car insured for him/her as the regular driver and in fact given the new one to the child, going to University or to work with the car regularly, on a permanent basis, it will be a clear violation of the terms and cover denied. That in turn won't be worth paying premiums at all.

In other words, registering the regular driver with an insured car into the name of someone in fact don't drive the car, isn't worth the premium and should not be considered. Either drive without insurance cover or declare the true driver with the policy, even if that increased the premium.

But, and this is the case in many insurance disputes, the Insurer alleges a driver caused an accident, hasn't been unveiled and registered with the policy to be the regular driver. This can lead to a claim decline and the allegation of material misrepresentation, or fraudulent behaviour, even in case a car been given or borrowed to another, for whatever short term purposes, for them allow utilising the car for some time, and thereafter it gets back to its own (the owners and/or registered drivers) use.

The material difference here is, the intention of a short term use of the insured car by another, or the intention giving use to someone permanently, but not registered as regular driver.

The details will be depended on the policies wording, what is a regular driver and when to report such a change. Some South African Motor Insurers explicitly say a regular driver must be definite in monthly intervals and immediately, but even on these very restricted terms, there are many arguments to rebut a declined claim, certainly depending on particular circumstances.

A "regular driver" may be seen as "the person who uses the motor vehicle most frequently and more than any other". Where a motor insurance policy is issued on a "regular driver basis", other persons may drive the motor vehicle in addition to the regular driver, but they must at least be in possession of a valid driver's license and they should only be the minor car driver.

What is the difference between a regular driver and the nominated driver?

A "nominated driver", is a person who is actually nominated by the insured and positively documented as a nominated driver on record of the car insurance company. Any person who is not nominated and recorded, as a nominated driver, may give you problems in a damage claim to be accepted and covered.

You must be honest to your insurance company and hopefully know your terms and conditions, as well as possible loopholes or shortage of cover, you may have accepted in the policy to save premiums.

What problems are you facing, if your vehicle is incorrectly insured and/or inappropriate information given to your motor insurance company?

If a vehicle is incorrectly insured or incorrect information is furnished about either a regular driver or a nominated driver or the risk area the car is driven and kept predominately, it can result in a policy being declared null and void from beginning, or the insurer may try to avoid liability to compensate for any loss or damage.

Such simple reasons, as failure to submit data as to the drivers status, keeping your current address updated, or not informing the insurer about the location/area the insured car is used in daily life, if it has changed, when you operate the car on a different terrain as from your home for a longer period, you need to inform your insurer correctly and in time. This certainly does not mean a holiday trip etc., but once the motor car will be predominately be used elsewhere as lodged with the insurer, can give problems if not updated with the policy.

The insurance company's use such differences in order to classify and categorise the risk they are exposed to, resulting out of your individual circumstances. This has a link to your premiums to be paid for the cover you hopefully enjoy, in the daily use of your insured auto.



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4.4 Driving a not roadworthy vehicle

What will be the case if you are driving an un-roadworthy vehicle when a car accident happened?

Generally spoken a motor car taking part in public traffic should be roadworthy to all times. There are a lot of factors that may give the not roadworthy status to a motor vehicle. Lot of singular factors are given in other sections of this page as - bad tyres -.

A car owner and the driver are subject to control roadworthiness on a permanent basis. The car owner is responsible to keep the car in good technical condition, so everything required is functioning properly.

Once an accident occur and probably caused, i.e by a burst tyre, and a claim declined based on an argument of sudden and unforeseen technical emergency, isn't acceptable at all. A tyre does not burst, if it is in good shape and no other obstacles as i.e. an unforeseen pothole damages a tyre. Claiming sudden technical emergency is nowadays nearly impossible, as technical maintenance of high standard is available and everyone taking part in public traffic, a car owner is obliged to maintain the vehicle to those standards.

Un-roadworthiness may start with an expired licence, simply not paid up. Lights not functioning properly can cause such status. Failing brakes, unrepaired other damages, or the car is not completely assembled as well as many other simple reasons, such as not having a roadworthy certificate, next to a missed out continuous maintenance, can cause to be categorised the car as not a roadworthy vehicle.

But as always, a simplified argumentation must not automatically be good enough to really create liability throughout un-roadworthiness, as it is always the detail and the circumstances of any individual case that will decide reasonability and foreseeability and resulting negligence, throughout lack of reasonable care.

For example, if the engine will not function probably, it will not automatically give the vehicle a un-/not roadworthy status.

When it comes to analyse, what will be the effect of a not roadworthy vehicle in terms of motor insurance cover, the type of failure leading to the classification not being roadworthy, must have a direct effect to the cause of the accident.

In other words, if the car would have been roadworthy, meaning i.e. the brakes had functioned well, the impact could have been avoided or the damage at least minimised, will have an effect on the insurance cover. On the other hand, front lights not working, but the accident happen in daylight wouldn't.


But just minor technical defects or bad maintenance cannot as easily justify a claim decline and it will be worth-while to look into details, before accepting a claim decline on such reasons.

If the other party, generally liable for the cause of the accident, or its insurance company, can proof successfully, that your car has not been roadworthy, it can shift the liability from the one party deemed liable to the one, who drove a not roadworthy motor car, but did indeed not been the cause of the traffic accident, by driving negligent or violating the rules of the road, other as roadworthiness.



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4.5. You are accused of driving under alcohol or drugs


Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is dangerous and forbidden and will lead to loss of any insurance cover.

Intoxication at all, will come to the effect that an existing insurance cover will not pay for such particular incident when drunk driving is alleged. Being on the road intoxicated will endanger the safety of all motorists - don't drink and drive.

But there are cases where pure accusations of being intoxicated during driving in public traffic, lead to a claim denial.

Accusing someone of having driven in an alcoholic state, is not sufficient to decline a claim and the insurance company need to have sufficient backing, such as positive breath test a valid blood test, proving the intoxication being over the tolerated level, to decline a claim.

If you indeed weren't drunk or within the limit the law allows, no decline of a damage claim may stand a review.

Having said that, however there are many claim insurance declines bases just on witness allegations, such of paramedics having smelled alcohol or observed strange human behaviour. Other declines have only been based on "witness" statements, that they smell alcohol or just allege intoxication, based on somebody's layman analyses.

No one can materially detect Intoxication over the level of tolerance, other than bold tests. No layman, not even qualified medical stuff, can detect and proof intoxication effectively.

We have had cases, where the Investigator based his claim decline on the witness, a waitress in a pub saying, the accused have had about three beers. There is no evidence that this consumption will lead to have exceeded the allowed limit when driving, as the time factor of detoxication and the body mass and other factors cannot be determined by assuring to have served three beers to the alleged drunk driver.

Anyhow, such testimony may serve as an indication and call for a full probe, a test needs to be performed.

In some cases, the other party just made a statement, maybe even under oath, the other party have been drunk. But again, that will not be sufficient proof, but an easy way of shifting liability and/or causing trouble as many take the allegation as valid to conclude, the drunk driver will most certainly be the liable. A proof of drunk driving can only be a clinical blood test, or at a weaker state breaths test, with a functioning device and proper handling.

Should a blood test will be missing, this certainly does mean, your insurance company cannot decline a claim on grounds of drunk driving, if there is no hard evidence.

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4.6. Texting or telephoning while driving

Texting and Telephoning during motor vehicle driving in public traffic in South Africa, is an offence and should indeed be avoided

Using your mobile device while driving a car, either by telephoning, texting or browsing purpose is not a good idea. The police will fine you if they catch you.

But more badly, if it can be proven that you did a phone call or concentrate on your mobile device or navigator inappropriate while driving a vehicle on public roads and thereby contribute or even cause a traffic accident, by not watch out properly, observe the traffic around you etc., you find yourself accused to be liable or at least partly liable for the traffic collision and damages.

A motorist must be aware, that Insurance companies check the mobile beacon report regularly, either to establish the phone been with the driver and if used at the location and time of the accident, it is a profound proof for negligence. If the Insured refused to allow the Insurer to access the beacon report (cell phone record of usage), the claim will be cancelled on reasons of non-cooperation, as set out in the policy.

Be aware that South African motor insurance companies will attempt and scrutinise your service provider to supply your call records that reveals the time of usage, which can serve as a certain proof. But even there can be exemptions that weaken or dismiss such proof.

Your insurance cover may be withdrawn and you pay for all motor damage with you own money, if proof of your texting, telephoning etc. will be valid.

Texting and telephoning during driving reduces reaction times of drivers and are prohibited in road traffic in South Africa. It can be proven, if your insurance company check with you telephone service provider, which is common procedure these days.

According to the National Roads and Motorists Association, text messaging drivers spent up to 400 % more time with their eyes on the phone instead of on the road.

The reaction times of a texting driver worsened by 35 % and are much worse than driving under the influence of alcohol at the legal limit, as those were only 12 % slower in reaction time, or those who had taken drugs, who were about 21 % cent slower.

A texting of telephoning driver seriously take the risk to roam the lane, not concentrating to traffic.

If there is evidence that the driver caused the accident while making calls or texting behind the steering wheel, it is understandable that any motor car insurance claim originating from such car accidents, would be justifiably rejected by the insurance company. Only proper fixed telephone devices connected to a microphone and speakers are allowed to use behind the steering, but still poses risk of not been concentrated.



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4.7. Breach of the rules of the road

Can your motor car insurance claim be rejected, just because you are called a "bad driver"?

No, just being a "bad driver" cannot be utilised by your motor insurance company to reject your claim for car accident damages. If a motorist only violates some minor traffic law, it will be an offence of course, and depending on intensity, it can be prosecuted, but not a reason for a decline of insurance cover, in general.

But the quality of your driving can affect your car insurance policy and your premiums to be paid or worse can lead to a cancelation of your car insurance cover at all.

Concluding motor car insurance, with most of the South African insurance companies will be easy, as they compete heavily for all motorists to cover them. To this moment of time, when you conclude your police (insurance contract), all the car insurers knows about you, is your driving experience and previous accident record and some insight with regards to traffic violations.

The vary factors will have influence on the premium, or even acceptance of your insurance application.

All information required, must be disclosed honestly by the vehicle owner/applicant, in his application for motor insurance cover. That is all about the insurance company knows about your individual driving and personal circumstances, allowing to calculate your premium or select the appropriate tariff. Failing to disclose all relevant factors properly, will not grant you insurance cover, even if you got confirmation and paid the premiums up.

Looking on to the question, if bad driving can be a cause for your insurer to reject your claim, we citing a decision from the Ombudsman for short term insurance in South Africa, but there is no legal definition of what is "a bad driver".

The mater referred to the Ombudsman was, whether careless driving, and therefore the failure to prevent the vehicle accident on reason of bad driving, would justify the decision to reject the car insurance compensation claim.


When a motor insurance company tries to reject a claim on ground of bad driving, the onus to prove lack of due care is on them.



As an example what the ruling of the Ombudsman was in such matter we refer:

A motor car driver involved and insured in a road traffic collision, obtained her driver's licence on 1st August and some months later, she was on her way to work as the crash happened.

One reason that led to the vehicle crash, had been that she drove too closely behind another vehicle, which she say, "stopped unexpectedly and abruptly". In an attempt to avoid a collision with the back of the vehicle before her, she decided to turn in an intersection, where she collided with a vehicle that was travelling in the opposite direction and on its way to turning right.

Whilst turning into the intersection, the traffic light had already changed to red against her. The claim was rejected on the argument that the Insured failed to exercise due care and the action taken was grossly negligent.



But still this particular decision can be challenged, as there have been proven evasive measurers taken by the driver. Despite such evasive measures, the inexperienced driver couldn't foresee the sudden breaking of the motor car before her, and not avoid the collision with another in her action to avoid the collision.

This cannot be seen as grossly negligent as her main fault was just having not kept sufficient following distance. Such decision, declining the claim on reasons of gross negligence, should be challenged in a court of law.



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4.8. Not taking reasonable precaution while driving

Can your motor car insurance claim be rejected, if you don't take reasonable care while driving?

The insurance must proof your "conduct was gross negligent" to be able to sustain a decline of your claim.

The Ombudsman for short term insurance and motor car insurance in response Source: Ombudsman's No. 02/2006

The Ombudsman cited the well-known case of Santam Limited versus CC Designing CC 1994 SA 199, and in the unreported judgement of Stax Masango and Lloyd's of London, where it is stated that the onus is on the Insurer to prove that the insured's "conduct was such gross negligent, that the conclusion can be proven that the driver recognised the dangers to which his exercise can lead, which he himself knew were inadequate to prevent any collision, or about he simply did not care, in the knowledge that he was insured".

The insurance company settled the claim under that pressure.

Your car insurance claim cannot just be fairly rejected because you are called a bad driver. But being a "bad driver" can have a significant effect on your car insurance premium, if you are involved in numerous vehicle accidents or it may even end up in a loss of your insurance cover.

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Your car insurance company wants to know who is driving your car, not to have a problem in a case of motor accident.

According to the terms and conditions you agreed upon, when you conclude your motor insurance contract, you must be well aware all your exclusions and know your obligation that you should meet, best to all times.

Being aware of the content and car insurance policy and complying as good as possible, you do best to avoid hassles. Take notice that your car may not be insured without full disclosure of what the insurance company wants and is entitled to know, i.e. who the regular drivers of your car might be or who is nominate as specific drivers on that motor vehicle.

The Ombudsman for Short-Term Insurance in South Africa has warned consumers, to ensure that they fully understand and being happy with the basis of the insurance contract, upon which motor vehicle insurance had been concluded and expose and categorise the persons driving the vehicle to the insurance, to have them covered whilst driving the motor vehicle belonging to the insured.



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4.9. Drunk driving, driving without licence, severe overload

Drunk driving or driving under the influence of any other drugs that have intoxicating effects, is an offence and will lead to lose any insurance cover.

You lose even your 3rd party cover and must pay for the damages to the other parties, out of your pocket.

However these day's we experience more and more problems, as a motorist involved in a car collision just to night time, will most probably be scrutinise for drunk driving. Investigation being launched, persons interviewed, meeting to question the party arranged, in order finding proof of drunk driving, or at least speculative allege driving under the influence.

But the only proof for drunk driving is a breath test, but more sustainable a clinical analysed blood test of alcohol concentration.

Confronted with an insurance investigation, should trigger high alert and persons to be interviewed should know what they say or do. There is an o/oo limit in South African traffic legislation and as soon the blood alcohol exceeded limitation, its bad and hardly to challenge.

However, one can have a drink and not exceed the limit. If there is no blood or breath test at least, it is hard for anyone alleging drunk driving, to proof it with evidence that stand a challenge in a court of law.

But once a motorist in such a situation acknowledge having a beer or two, it may be good enough, encourage a motor insurer declining a claim, even without proper evidence.



The same detrimental effect you will face, if you are not having a valid driver's license and any claim can be revoked as gross negligent act.

Severe overload is very dangerous and will lead to the fact that your vehicle is not roadworthy to the time you are driving with such overload.

Transporting more persons with the vehicle as the vehicle licence allows, and getting caught in an accident and further worse, persons sustain bodily injuries or even death; one will be facing criminal procedures on top of risking the insurance cover.



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4.10. Decline of a motor insurance claim based on not properly declared regular driver or change of the area of predominant use.

In South Africa motor insurance policies and cost for cover are calculated individually to personal risk factors, under the argument this will guarantee the best possible premium for a specified motor accident cover.

This means individual risk profiles are scrutinised and accordingly the premium calculated. Matters of secure parking, age and times holding a valid driving licence, etc. are factors that determine the cover and the premium.

In such regard, the person driving the motorcar regularly and is the registered or nominated driver for the vehicle, it is important for the insurer being able calculate a risk as to the above said.

The insurance risk of the nominated driver in the policy and another in reality driving the motor car, may well be seen different.

If i.e. parents give or buy a car for kids, but choose register themselves as regular driver, as they are lower risks to age and experience and insurance track record as the child, a newcomer on the road, take a high risk of claim decline, despite paying premiums, if the Insurer find out about the child being the regular driver.

Once the motor accident occurs, the actual driver will be identified. If different to the regular driver registered with the contract, investigations may well be initiated. Questions be asked and interviews arranged to find out, who indeed is practically the regular driver and only satisfied that the driver causing the accident has been just allowed to drive one or the other time this particular vehicle, the cover may be valid, may be with some extended insurance excess.

Report to your Insurer a change in the permanent or at least overwhelmingly area of operation, if it changes.

It will be similar that traffic accidents will be scrutinised more in detail, in cases the vehicle accident will be far from home, the place or area the insured motor car is supposed to be predominant located.

It will indeed be a difference for an insurance to calculate premiums and risks, if a motor car will be driven in a quiet town, like Caledon in the Western Cape, or in major cities as Bloemfontein or even Johannesburg. The traffic density will be significantly different and the extended risk being involved in a traffic accident is not a question.

Any extended or higher grade of risk, covered by a motor insurance policy, where premiums are calculated on risks assessment, will include the need and the right to look into the risk factors and adjust premiums as applicable or due to changes in risk factors, made by the insured.

This does not mean, an insured car isn't allowed to be taken for a trip, even to such extended risk areas, but changing the permanent or at least overwhelmingly area of operation, needs to be reported to the insurer, allowing them to exercise the right to adjust risks and accordingly premiums, as soon as possible and better before an accident occur.

You found the RAMLA web page because you were looking for some general information on how to proceed in a case of a car accident in South Africa. You will find lots of information about it here to support your own claim pursues or even to answer questions you might have in your car accident claim.

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Get a unbiased and intially free reply to your inquiry where you are and what is the way forward - free of charge - just to enhance confidence trusting RAMLA expertise, before you mandate us.

if you want be paid compensation for yor car accident damages or in a need to defend you against unreasonalbe or inflated claims,

Contact us NOW

RAMLA is a specialist in motor accident damage recovery claims. Our team can help you through the process and minimise trouble affecting you in a claim.



(5) Your obligations in relations with your motor insurance policy

Unfortunately motor insurance policies do have some more obligations to be aware off, than just paying premiums, so that a valid cover is in place, once unlucky the traffic accident hit and a compensation claim needs to be launched.

5.1.    Premium's must always be paid up to date

5.2.    Report an accident immediately if anyting may trigger a claim

5.3.    Furnish the insurance company with all the required updates

5.4.    Honesty and compliance with your T & C is important



5.1. Your premiums must be paid up.

Unfortunately, without the premium paid up, you do not have insurance cover at all.

Should you have made an arrangement with your Insurer about premiums outstanding and have been assured to further do have cover, you better get that in writing or save a copy of the correspondence, stating so.

Only then one get the claim entertained.

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5.2. You must or better should report a claim even if you don't intend to utilise the cover

We like to give you an illustration what kind of disadvantages you may face, if you were in accident with another car and did not report the incident to your motor insurance company.

Furthermore motor car accidents on South African roads need to be reported to the South African Police within 24 hours after an accident. There are motor insurance companies, which repudiate a claim, if the matter hasn't reported to the police.

The only exemption the accident doesn't need to be reported to SAPS will be, if no 3rd party has been involved and no bodily harm occurred.

Sometimes the damage resulting out of a traffic accident appear to be only of minor value, maybe just a small dent in your bumper or a little scratch on the other cars door.

Both of you do not feel any pain presently and no other remarkable circumstances are noted, so you and the other driver agree to pay each other's damages out of your own pocket and you don't file a claim against each other or any insurance company and not report the car accident to your insurances in order to keep your risk profile with them low.

It might well be that
sometimes later, the other driver gives you a call, saying that he indeed has thousands of rand in damage and he's having neck and back pain. On the other hand it may even be the case you have more serious car damage or feeling pains for which you blame the motor car accident as the cause.

Both such instances can trigger a claim, if the other party may have long forgotten about the matter. Prescription time, the period in which a claim must be made before a party is barred to do so, is three years from occurrence. Only after three years one can be certain, that there is no more risk in an old accident matter. That is a long time.

Just because you didn't file a claim in time or at least reported the incident, your insurance company may refuse to pay any damages now; leaving you stranded despite you paid your premiums.

You may feel very unhappy about the situation, if the other car driver files a claim for this traffic accident with his or her insurance company, while insured comprehensive later on, without you being aware the matter? If the other parties' insurer pays his or her claim, most commonly the recovery department of the other insurance company then come to you, to recover what it paid out to its client, blaming you being the liable party.

If you had filed a claim, your insurance company would repay the other insurer. If you failed to report a claim to your insurance, you may face to fight such claim against you now and if not successful in doing so, you might need to repay the other parties insurer out of your pocket.

Despite the danger to increase your risk profile with your insurer you should file a claim with your insurance company, as soon as possible after the motor accident. The only safe way to avoid the involvement of the insurance company may be a qualified settlement agreement with all parties.

If you missed out to report your auto crash to your insurance and the insurance company denies coverage because of your failure to file a claim in time, you should look for legal support, for instance you contact your local attorney or even as good as such, let the experienced RAMLA - Road Accident Management and Legal Action claim manager look into the matter, which may be very effective as RAMLA only deals with motor car accident claims on a daily basis and sure more economically and affordable as a conservative lawyer or attorney will offer.



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5.3   Furnishing the insurance company with all requested or relevant information

Complying with the obligations you took on, if you conclude your cover, is the only way not to risk to pay for an insurance claim and not having a valid cover, as soon you are in breach of your obligation, even if you claim no one told you, that you do have certain obligations, next to the pay of your premiums, you will be told you have had to know, as specified in the documentation to the contract.

The most important information the insurer want to be updated are:

Who is the true regular driver

Where is the vehicle regularly operated and parked, by day and night time (Risk Area)

Dramatically changes in the financial situation of the policy holder (Default)



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5.4    Honesty and compliance with your T & C is
         absolutely important

Circumstances a comprehensive insured car driver should avoid, not to risk having the damage claim rejected or losing the full cover of the motor insurance, so i.e. not to abide the rules of the road, driving a not roadworthy vehicle, taking drugs or having blood alcohol etc.

A person accused of Dishonesty may face an immediate claim decline, not easy to set aside.

An insured can relatively easy face trouble within the pursuit of a claim, but may check some suggestions how to act, if an investigation has been done and a claim declined or refuted.

A breach of the insurance contract can be alleged to all times and even according minor mistakes one may have overlooked in the study of terms and conditions.

However most complications, rise if an Investigator preforms a claim analyse, which is likely if, i.e. the driver caused the accident wasn't the registered regular driver, but another, or the accident occurred outside the declared risk area, or even if it happen at night time or early morning.

Another fact may be, if there has been another claim, not as long ago.

Additionally in a way each and any violation of a clause can constitute a breach of the insurance contract in a formal way and will be risking your insurance cover.

That means you have to abide to each and every clause and content to be safe with your motor insurance.

Luckily the insurance companies cannot always avoid indemnifying the client, even if there is a breach of the contract to be considerable.

The way to find out how to argue against your own insurer, if they reject a claim based on the issue of breaking the contract, can be to consult an specialised expert in MVA matters, such as RAMLA (Road Accident Management & Legal Action) or an independent local attorney, dealing with car accident damage claims.

Someone in need dealing with motor insurance matters should note and realise that those working for the Insurance, deal or work with such matters every day, and just therefore will have an advantage over the client, commonly being a laymen in motor vehicle accident claims.

Declines based of investigations are worth-while to be scrutinised as many of those "Investigations" aren't of quality and not suitable as evidence, but that must be highlighted and reasonably asserted. It will be adequate to enter into a dispute with the insurer in order to get wrong or meaningless allegations resolved in a dispute resolution attempt.

Should that not lead to a satisfying solution, the way to the Ombudsman for Short Term Insurance, will be open for a client for a review of a disputed decision.

But one should be aware, that the Ombudsman act as a legal professional and weight arguments on the basis of probabilities and give credit to expert reports etc. Should a review be successful, all those allegations and offered evidence need to be scrutinised and rebutted with facts and statements, in order to get matters overturned by the decision of the Ombudsman.

Even a review with the Ombudsman should not be seen as a simple matter and just repeat what already the Insurer hasn't bought into.

Find the right advice or support in time, to avoid to be compelled to go to a court of law, if a review fails.

As an insurance client one can approach the ombudsman, if the problem results out of the contract with the insurance and the problems or decisions cannot be accepted as fair and reasonable treatment.



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OSTI - Ombudsman for short term insurance RSA        Motor accident in South Africa?



6.   Ombudsman rulings and comments on serveral insurance disputes

6.1.    How contact and register a claim with the OSTI offices

6.2.    How arguing a dispute in a OSTI case for review

6.3.    Who can approach the Ombudsaman for case review

6.4.    Claim rejected as to negligent driving

6.5.    Reasonable precaution is an obligation but not always reason for decline

6.6.    Can bad Tyre's be a reason for rejecting a claim

6.7.    Speeding as cause for the accident
What is the function and institution of the Obudsman for short term insuance (OSTI) in South Africa.

The institution of the Ombudsman (OSTI) is an arbitrary platform to solve disputes between the Insured and the Insurance Company, over any disputes that will have relationship to the contract and policy.

Arbitration means in legal terms, those two parties (Insured and Insurance) voluntarily select the Ombudsman as arbitrator (an Institution that has the binding power to decide on matters brought to it voluntarily) will present their cases to the Ombudsman in order for him to analyse and make a ruling.

The Institution of the Ombudsman (OSTI) has been formed and is financed by the Insurance Industry, taking part in that Arbitration. The participating Insurance Industry has bound itself to abide by the findings of the Ombudsman, meaning if the Ombudsman overturns an insurance decline, they accept to pay the client, despite its different opinion.

The insurance client however isn't legally bound on the decision of the Ombudsman and still will have the legal course in a court of law.

The approach to the Ombudsman will be free of administrative costs for the complainant.

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6.1   How to work and register a claim with the Ombudsman (OSTI)

The Ombudsman's offices are located at:

The Ombudsman for Short Term Insurance

One Sturdee Avenue, Cnr Bolton and Baker Roads

First Floor, Block B

Rosebank - Johannesburg



The best and easiest method of communication and launching a complaint will be via email: info@osti.co.za

The matter should be addressed to the offices, as to who is the Insurer and what is the subject. Once the OSTI secretariat did receive the complain, the complainant will receive an application form from the OSTI offices to file and return.

Once the form is filed and forwarded, a claim ref will be given and the OSTI office will approach the Insurer and request them, to sustain its position for the decline, or what may be on dispute.

As soon the detailed reasons of the issue are received at the Ombudsman's office, the complainant will get a copy of the facts, which are utilised to support the Insurers decision.

Thereafter the matter needs to be analysed, addressed and pleaded.

The following plea has to address the matter and the dispute itself, and demand what further information may be needed from the Insurer to argue the case. Often the Insurer or the insurance agent or broker elect not to disclose the detailed information, they base a claim decline decision onto, before an action with the Ombudsman compel them to unveil the details.

Once such will be revealed to the Ombudsman, it will be made available to the complainant.



6.2   How to argue in a case with the OSTI for review

The complainant will now have to address the matter in detail and rebut insurance arguments/investigations/assessments/expert reports etc., if they don't mirror the true circumstances.

If a complainant just take the step to the Ombudsman, repeating the argumentation given to the Insurer beforehand, and still not have achieved an altered decision, the chances of success are more likely low.

The argumentation provided to the Ombudsman need have some similar quality as such in a court of law, despite the institution of the Ombudsman doesn't have similar powers. The Ombudsman cannot hear witnesses nor have cross examinations, so he relies on the pleas and evidence supplied to verify against the argumentation of the Insurer.

If a case will eventually be ruled on, the outcome has some significant aspects and if not overturned an Insurance decline or decision, it will still have some general indication of how the outcome may be, if challenged in a court of law, if not in the process of the OSTI review a number of omissions or failures been made, that can be corrected in a court case.

Looking for legal advice, once all avenues are exhausted isn't the best idea, as arguments that may be misinterpret able may be tabled and later on utilised to back up the other parties arguments.

There are many layman's involved in a MVA (Motor Vehicle Accident) damage claim, pursuing it privately, hoping for fairness and trust its own abilities. But as even frequently seen, once a case is lost and thereafter looking for a way out, legal advice or support is looked for, the only way forward may be a review in a court of law, with all the consequences of time consume and costs involved.

Getting the right advice or better practical support, to an early time will be much more effective and economical vibrant as just when all has been gone wrong.



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6.3   Who can approach the ombudsman for case review

The ombudsman for short term insurance (OSTI), is an institution arbitrarily act to resolve private/civil issues resulting out of contractualdisputes with your own motor insurance company.

If one need to solve a dispute originating from a 3rd party claim, you cannot approach the OSTI.

The institution of the ombudsman has got vast experience in terms of disputes in motor insurance matters and will try to make a ruling after scrutinising the matter brought to it.

The ruling he makes will most often be respected by the parties. The complainant can still go to court, if not satisfied with the ruling.

The ombudsman cannot commence own investigations of facts or hear witnesses, as a court of law can do. That means the fundamental facts of the accident must not be on dispute between the parties, such as how the accident unfolded or who has participated in such accident, i.e. the insurance assessment concluded, that the motor vehicles cannot be part of the same accident as claimed by the insured.

Solving such issues, the court of law is the only way to go.

What to do if my own motor insurance company - comprehensive motor insurance cover - disappoints me with the settlement, or completely repudiate my claim, and I do not buy the arguments they come forward with.

When you may make use of your comprehensive motor insurance cover on several reasons to solve the bitter results of car accident damages, you are looking for an amicable solution and settlement.

Claiming from your own insurance cover and you are not happy with the offer or result your motor insurance submit to you, a motorist can go different ways to take on the matter.

a. Refer the matter to the Ombudsman for Short Term Insurance for attention

Car insurance disputes can be referred to the Ombudsman for Short Term Insurance, as no agreement can be reached between the insured client and the car insurer. Once the Ombudsman has made a decision - he does so in a formal ruling.

You should take note that only the insured can complain against his/her own insurance behaviour/decision to the Ombudsman. No 3rd party is intituled to search such mediation.

b. Consult a legal advicer to continue the claim.

c. Consult other specialists and adviser in Road Accident matters, such as RAMLA in South Africa to sort out your problem.

A number of Ombudsman rulings will be published and can be used as precedent or as a guideline, of what could be expected when seeking such ruling in your own case.

It is always possible that an attorney or experienced motor accident lawyer comes to a different analysis of the individual case, as that the ombudsman arrives on and then taking the matter to court in the hope to get a judgement more in your favour.



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6.4.    Claim rejected as to negligent driving



What does the South African Ombudsman for short term insurance decide in his ruling No. 1 (D14/97) regarding the repudiation of some claims?

Subject: Your comprehensive motor vehicle insurance repudiate a claim on basis of negligent driving, which resulted in damage to the insured vehicle, saying it constituted a breach of a term of your auto insurance contract, that requires the insured driver to exercise reasonable precautions to maintain the safety of the vehicle.

Facts: The insured driver tried to vacate a highway off ramp at too high a speed in wet weather conditions and this resulted in a car accident and subsequent damage to the insured vehicle.

The insurer repudiated the claim, alleging that by driving negligently, the insured was in breach of a clause in the policy which provided that the Insured and/or any person claiming cover under any section of the policy must exercise all reasonable precaution to maintain the safety of the property and to prevent loss, damage and best the accident at all.

The Ombudsman referred to the South African cases of Nathan NO v Accident Guarantee Corporation Limited (1959 (1) SA 65 (N)) and Paterson v Aegis Insurance Company Limited (1989 (3) SA 478 ) and to the statement contained in Gordon and Getz on the South African Law of Insurance 4 ed (1993) at 183, that an important object of insurance certainly is to protect the insured from loss due to his own or his servants negligence even if such negligence constitutes a crime. Reference was also made to the comments of Lord Denning in Marles v Philip Trant and Sons Ltd (No 2) [1953] 1 All ER 651 (CA)).

The Ombudsman made a formal recommendation by clarify the interpretation of the clause referred to by the motor insurance company to repudiate the claim that one of the major purposes of the insurance cover is to be protected, and a claim cannot just be refused to be accepted, based on accusing the insured on negligent behaviour.

Comments:

At the same time as the insurance contract does certainly grant cover for the insured for loss due to his own or his servant's negligence, this must be distinguished from circumstances, where the claim is rejected as a result of the insured having been convicted of reckless and negligent driving .

Circumstances where the damage claim is rejected by the insurance company as a result of the vehicle's brakes didn't work when applying it in order to stop the vehicle, creating and an un-roadworthy condition, and further the failing of the brakes being a material part in the causing of the car crash collision.

Often observed, the tyre condition of your car can be used as a similar argument for the motor insurance, to reject a claim saying the bad condition of the tyres led to the cause of accident and if been in better shape had have effect to avoid or minimise the impact, and this leads to the vehicle considered not roadworthy.

This means to look into the insurance policy wording and this requires individual consideration on the merits of each matter. In other words it is worthwhile to check and investigate any repudiation of your insurance claim bases on similar grounds.

It must be born in mind that the Ombudsman does consider some essentials before he arrives at a ruling by looking in prevailing case authorities, the legislation and legal principles applying this individual matter, considering any rules under which the policy holder might find protection, looking on aspects as fairness and parity and have a close eye on proper insurance practice taking care and consider any individual facts of the case.

The Ombudsman will always consider cases in a method that is fair and equitable. Each claim is to be considered individually and the vehicle owner may enjoy the peace of mind, that if he abides by the Rules of the Road and does not intentionally cause damage to his property, the insurance company will not be able to repudiate a claim on some mere technicality.



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RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action



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6.5.   Reasonable precaution in daily road traffic

Your car insurance company reject a claim, for motor vehicle accident compensation, on reasons of:

Reasonable precautions to avoid / minimise the risk of a motor accident and causing a loss when driving on public roads in South Africa is one of the expectations of your motor insurance company.

Surly any motorist should always try to insure to take reasonable precautions, but unfortunately a motor car driver is a human being and exposed to failures different to a machine. So there is quite a space for arguments to be exchanged and the onus to proof the failure not to act reasonable is on the motor insurance company. Just exceeding speed limits are rarely a matter that can stand and entitle the insurance to withhold the indemnification of the insured car owner as long as no intention to cause a loss or accident was intentional and that can be proven. The Ombudsman referred to the well-known decision of Santam versus CC Designing CC, which explained the onus rests on the Insurer when relying on a "Reasonable Precautions" condition included in your individual insurance contract.

The Court in this matter, held that for an Insurer to succeed it must prove that the insured / driver realizes the danger of loss, but neglects the danger because of existence of an insurance policy, meaning that the accident in fact was caused by an intentional act. A large number of accidents occur in the circumstances where the insured or the driver is guilty of being negligent (even gross negligence) in his driving a motor vehicle.

An insurance company is not entitled to uphold a claim just on negligent behaviour, even if it may be classified as gross negligent. This would largely negate the motor insurance cover and any motorist will be constantly challenged to ensure that he has taken any "Reasonable Precautions" to all times to avoid car accidents at all. This would create an untenable situation and will at large shift the risk to the insured despite he/she take motor insurance just to be covered for exactly this unintentional misbehaviour leading to damages.

It is comforting to know that a reasonable error would not refute indemnification under the claim.

The Ombudsman has agreed with insurers in the past and rejected claims for accident damage caused by drunk driving and the driving of non-roadworthy vehicles. It is only reasonable that the vehicle owner should only be covered when operating his vehicle within the Rules of the Road.



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6.6.   Does driving with bad tyres automatically risk a claim denial

What about bad tyres in a car crash

Auto tyres are an essential part of the safety of your motor car and must be kept in a state that represents it as roadworthy so to have the necessary grip on the road.

In the event you launch an insurance claim, the insurer may reject you claim if the accident was the result of operating a non-roadworthy vehicle. A Car insurance claim may/can be rejected if vehicles tyres are found not roadworthy. It will be considered of not being roadworthy if the profile on the tyres is less than 1mm over the entire surface.

That can mean if you missed out wheel alignment and drove down your front tyres badly on the side, but still have a good profile on the rest of the surface, it can start discussions.

The good news hereby is that the insurance cannot argue solemnly that the state of the tyre are too bad and reject your claim just on such argument. The bad tyre must have a causal connection to the cause of the accident.

If i.e. one of your tyres bursts while driving and you lose control of your car, and later the assessment states that the tyre had been damaged badly at sides or repaired against manufacturer's guidelines, you may face trouble with the insurer as this may have caused the accident and known to you or you should have known the improper state of your tires.

We would like to refer to an actual example/ decision by the Ombudsman for Short Term Insurance.

A motor car entered a traffic light that controlled four-way intersection at a speed of about 50 to 60 Km/h. The green light of the robot gave the way of right to the car and just before entering the intersection, an Isuzu white Bakkie drove towards the same intersection from the opposite direction making a turn to the lsuzu's right, and crossed the direction of traffic.

Brakes had been applied slightly and as the driver took notice that the robots light was still green for him he carry on his trip believing that there is no danger to cause an accident.

To his surprise another car a Mazda followed the move of the Isuzu Bakkie and a collision occurred. The Toyota collided with the Mazda's left rear door.

The insurance company rejected the claim on the ground that the two front tyres were smooth and that liability is excluded as a result of "damage to the vehicle caused by or attributable to an un roadworthy condition of the vehicle".



Ombudsman's response

The Ombudsman pointed out that having regard to the circumstances of the collision, the smooth tyres had no causal connection to the collision and the subsequent damage to the complainant's vehicle. The Insurer was influenced to meet the claim.

From the above we can see that the mere presence of smooth tyres will not repudiate the accident claim - it must be one of the factors that caused the accident.



Tyres not roadworthy and being a major cause for the motor car accident crash

To highlight another case where the tread on tyres were considered an important contributing factor to the traffic accident as it was examined that the rear tyres did not have a proper tread situation.

A motor car was travelling from Cavendish Square in Claremont, Cape Town, to his house in Fish Hoek, along the M3 freeway.

Just before the Tokai turnoff, a drunken pedestrian was illegally on the freeway and fell and entered into the road, just missing a Toyota motor car passing. The following car driver saw the pedestrian on the road and made evasive action by swerving his car, applied the brakes heavily trying to avoid the impact but couldn't avoid the collision with the pedestrian who survived the crash.

After the assessment of the insured car hitting the pedestrian, that resulted to qualify both rear tyres not to be roadworthy, the insurance company rejected to indemnify its insured, because both rear tyres had tread below the legal limit, leading to a un roadworthy state of the motor car.

As it is in most cases a condition in the motor insurance policy, that a vehicle had to be in roadworthy condition at all times, the insurance argued on this as reason to reject the claim.

The insured did not accept the allegation, that the bad tyres had been a major cause for the impact and the matter had been referred to the Ombudsman's.



The Ombudsman's analysis found:

The motor insurance policy issued to the insured contained a specific condition that the vehicle must be kept in a road worthy condition at all times, in terms of the Road Traffic Ordinance. The tyre tread depth did not meet the requirements. The insurer's decision was not based entirely on the policy condition, but also on the fact that the collision may have been avoided and the damages lessened had the vehicle tyres been in a good condition. Based on the facts, the Ombudsman concluded that the insurer was entitled to maintain the rejection. Source: Ombudsman Annual Report 2003



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6.7.    Speeding as cause for the accident

Speeding as the cause of motor car accident, will my car insurer pay if the accident was caused by speeding or try to reject the claim on the "Reasonable Precautions" clause?

Speeding is not always a gentlemen offence, but even do not automatically allow the insurer to reject a motor vehicle compensation claim just citing speeding. Speeding that just may have exceeded some kilometres may not harm your claim, but extreme speeding and being the course of the accident may.

To explain what the measures of speeding may be we cite a ruling of the Ombudsman for short term insurance, but anyone must look individually on his case if it is comparable with the below.

The comprehensive insured's 19 year old son was travelling on the N3 from Durban. The road flow into a circle and the driver lost control of the vehicle and it was severely damaged. The claim was rejected on the "Reasonable Precautions" condition, as the driver had admitted that he was driving in excess of the speed limit. The particular road has the speed limit at 100 km/h reducing to 80 km/h and then to 60 km/h. Between the 80 km/h and 60 km/h section the accident occurred.

Reasonable precautions to avoid / minimise the risk of a motor accident and causing a loss when driving on public roads in South Africa is one of the expectations of your motor insurance company.

Surly any motorist should always try to insure to take reasonable precautions, but unfortunately a motor car driver is a human being and exposed to failures different to a machine. So there is quite a space for arguments to be exchanged and the onus to proof the failure not to act reasonable is on the motor insurance company. Just exceeding speed limits are rarely a matter that can stand and entitle the insurance to withhold the indemnification of the insured car owner as long as no intention to cause a loss or accident was intentional and that can be proven.

The Ombudsman referred to the well-known decision of Santam versus CC Designing CC, which explained the onus rests on the Insurer when relying on a "Reasonable Precautions" condition included in your individual insurance contract.

The Court in this matter, held that for an Insurer to succeed it must prove that the insured / driver realizes the danger of loss, but neglects the danger because of existence of an insurance policy, meaning that the accident in fact was caused by an intentional act.

A large number of accidents occur in the circumstances where the insured or the driver is guilty of being negligent (even gross negligence) in his driving a motor vehicle.

An insurance company is not entitled to uphold a claim just on negligent behaviour, even if it may be classified as gross negligent. This would largely negate the motor insurance cover and any motorist will be constantly challenged to ensure that he has taken any "Reasonable Precautions" to all times to avoid car accidents at all. This would create an untenable situation and will at large shift the risk to the insured despite he/she take motor insurance just to be covered for exactly this unintentional misbehaviour leading to damages.

It is comforting to know that a reasonable error would not refute indemnification under the claim.



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RAMLA will be your   one-stop car accident claim service   in South Africa


  Material Damage suffered in a car accident   Be careful when handling your car accident claim   RAMLA car accident claim management enforcing damage compensation   Lucky you when the car accident damage is repaired






(7) General issues to prepare and finaliese an insurance claim

A claim against own comprehensive cover may not be as difficult, once all the circumstances are in line with the requirements of the policy and no huge irritations in the circumstances of the traffic accident.

The comprehensive insurance cover pay's a client, if liable for damages or not. Once the Insurer came up with a settlement, it's on the client to check if that offer is acceptable.

Matters as insurance policy access, an amount stipulated in the policy to be contributed by the client for each and every claim made against the policy, is commonly applicable. That of course results in a shortfall for a client. But given that the enforcement of claim compensation from a liable party does entail some engagement and probably even external costs for support or pursuit, it may well be worth the access to be accepted.

In a number of cases, where data and merits allow so, the Insurer try and get the paid compensation recovered from the indeed liable party, to make up for pay outs, in reality the liable party should pay, which effectively means, the Insurance cover only give some comfort, where the liability is on another.

Should however other unsatisfactory factors as differences in values or diputes in repairs assessment, will add on to a critical mass, it's worth to think claiming from the liable party directly, avoiding all such contractual contributions.

7.1.    Gathering full and correct information to document your matter

7.2.    Track and trace a driver not disclosing the details

7.3.    Conclude settlement with the insurance company

7.4.    Do I need an attorney or an MVA expert to fight the insurance


7.1. Gathering full and correct information to document your matter

Gathering good and full Information about all participants, circumstances and damages of the traffic accident is very important.

The fact that you are involved in an automobile accident, forces you to take certain steps and that starts right at the place of the accident. One of the steps is exchanging information with the driver of the other vehicles involved. This information includes the driver's name, ID No, address, telephone number e mail contact and the name of his or her automobile insurance company at best together with the policy number.

Check on the truth of all you got and best you can, as there are some people out preferring to give false information attempting to escape liability and so avoid paying your compensation.

Do not forget to note the car owner's details, from the other car involved in the traffic accident, if you find out the driver is not the owner.You need to take the owners details and you should find out what was the purpose of the drive and in which relationship the driver of the accident car and its owner are; i.e. family, employer etc. to solve eventualities and difficulties that can occur in a claim.

RAMLA manages motor vehicle damage claims in South Africa and in doing so the daily practice shows that just in securing appropriate data and details at the scene of the car accident is often lacking. It will be very difficult if not impossible, to gather all such data needed to support your motor damage claim later.

If you missed out to take photographs or note personal details, and very important such of any witness etc., as you just didn't take the matter serious enough at this time, you will have a very week case and problems to support your evidence.

You might face some challenges when you unlucky crashed your auto with an uninsured car driver, finding the uninsured party, deemed liable for the car crash, being reluctant or even deliberately try hide as much they can.

Even worse if they give you wrong information's you are in a huge mess to have the uninsured car driver sued for damages. In South Africa it is very difficult to find and trace a person to hold them liable, without knowing where the person's residence or the workplace is.

When it is the case that you are involved in a car accident with an uninsured employed, it becomes even more delicate, as a number of employers don't really like to take the liability; they do have to take for the employed and pay for the car accident damages you suffered.

Dealing with huge companies that do have own legal departments to fight the high numbers of claims, will have its own challenges and needs determined actions to get forward and achieve payment. They fight despite they are properly insured.

Even observed by RAMLA is the fact that the police accident report sometimes is very much incomplete and will not release all data your attorney or lawyer or other experienced motor car accident managers will need to start your claim for damage compensation. Best make sure the police report is complete and motivate the officers to do a good job, preferable with a sketch and the parties initial statements to be found in the report.

You should keep in mind that gathering such missed data to pursuit a car accident later, after the scene of the traffic collision had been cleared and all participants have vacated, is an investigative challenge and in all regularity your lawyer will not be able to trace and find the missed information.

If your attorney unexpectedly is prepared to do so and attempt to gather such missed information about the participants etc., it will be quiet costly for you, as your lawyer most often works on high hourly rates and such investigation is not done in a moment.



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RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action



car accident in South Africa

Get a unbiased and intially free reply to your inquiry where you are and what is the way forward - free of charge - just to enhance confidence trusting RAMLA expertise, before you mandate us.

if you want be paid compensation for yor car accident damages or in a need to defend you against unreasonalbe or inflated claims,

Contact us NOW

RAMLA is a specialist in motor accident damage recovery claims. Our team can help you through the process and minimise trouble affecting you in a claim.



7.2.   Track and trace data of participants in the traffic accident, unlawful withhold or gave you false data!

Unfortunately in the attempt to gather missed data or to verify wrong or lacking data, given by anyone involved in a car accident, who is obliged by law to give full and correct address and contact details not even the police will be your best friend, helping you to find out what you need.

Commonly observed the police will tell you, that your car accident damage is a civil matter and that they only operate if they find it is a public offense unless bodily injury may occur.

RAMLA is under the opinion that the police must assist in tracing according to the legal terms the South African law states in the act NO. 93 of 1996: National Traffic Act, 1996 at section 61. (1), we like to bring to your attention.





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Extract of NO. 93 of 1996: National Traffic Act, 1996 at section 61. (1) - Source Government of South Africa

The driver of a vehicle on public road at the time when such vehicle is involved in or contribute to any accident in which another person is killed or injured or suffers damage in respect of any property or animal shall

a. Immediately stop the vehicle

b. Ascertain the nature and extend of any injury sustained by any person

c. If a person is injured, render such assistance to the injured person as he or she may be capable off rendering

d. Ascertain the nature and extent of any damage sustained

e. If required to do so by any person having reasonable grounds for so requiring , give his or her name and address of the owner of the vehicle driven by him or her, in the case of a motor vehicle the registration or similar thereof

f. If he she has not already furnished the information referred to in paragraph (e) to a traffic officer at the scene of the accident, and unless he or she is incapable of doing so by reason of injuries sustained by him or her in the accident , as soon as reasonable practicable , and in any case within hours after the occurrence of such accident, report the accident to any police officer at the police station or at any office set aside by a competent authority for use by a traffic officer , and there produce his or her driving licence and furnish his or her identity number and such information as referred to in paragraph (e)

End quoting the law

Having red the above extract of the South African law, which clearly describes what a participant has to do when involved in a traffic accident, RAMLA obviously concluded that it is a breach and violation of the law, if a participant in such auto collision withholds his/her identity and address details or give false information, even if only property damage had occurred.

As no traffic accident will be one at all, if not at least a slightly collision had been taken place, meaning property damage will always be the case, even if of minor value, the data exchanges are pivotal in every traffic accident on public roads.

In that light the South African police should be forced to investigate in such matter and do not advice a citizen to look for private ways of investigation, to find out about other persons details as stipulated by the law.

Having the police refused to investigate on what reasons ever, you should consider to involve your lawyer or attorney or as RAMLA believes that they are the better solution, as your experienced RAMLA claim manager on duty, which you can contact 7/24 by e mail, even if you are not a RAMLA member jet, most often for free, to explain your rights and/or to launch a formal complaint with the police station in charge.



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car accident in South Africa    car accident in South Africa



7.3. Conclude settlement with the insurance company

If all parties involved in a motor car accident are not interested in serious actions, a Settlement Agreement can pave the way.

The very best way to come to enforceable agreements, which enables all parties involved in a motor accident to claim for matters agreed upon, is a settlement agreement. In way filing and signing such settlement agreement, you can avoid to inform your insurance company of the claim and you may even do not take too much risk, if you do not involve the South African police, provided there is no bodily injury or even more severe as the accident may have taken lives.

But it is of outmost importance that such settlement agreement, in which he or she agrees that the money he or she receives from you, is payment for all claims against you arising from this car accident, will be complete and list all what is of importance and describe the damages and liabilities and who will pay for what.

The wording of such an agreement or "release" is absolutely critical, so to be confident research for all is needed carefully. To have a reliable settlement agreement you may get some help from an experienced insurance lawyer or you can contact your RAMLA car accident claim manager for advice.

It can only be repeated, that no one should rely on a verbally expressed liability statement, as long as it cannot be proven by witnesses etc. Most often, as soon the other party is at home, a change in the position is very much likely, as not even one who is insured against car accident damages enjoy to claim from his/her insurance, neither a uninsured or not insured car driver, facing a claim to be paid out of his money are often in favour therefore.

If you in good face and just have the word of the other, you may call it a verbal contract, but enforcing such you need to proof to have a verbal contract, which will not fairly work, if your word will stand against the other only.



car accident in South Africa    car accident in South Africa



7.4.   Do I need an attorney or a specialiesed MVA (motor vehicle accident) solution expert to fight the insurance?

Do I need attorneys claim support if I am comprehensive insured against car accident risks to understand my rights and obligations, in south Africa?

We all know that it is a general rule for a motor vehicle driver to exercise reasonable precautions in maintaining the safety of the vehicle and abide to the rules of the road and driving responsibly. This is sometimes easier said than done.

Reasonable precautions in daily driving and in maintaining the technical safety of the vehicle, being roadworthy are very essential to all times and are often points of disputes in an insurance claim for car accident compensation.

To the experience of RAMLA - Road Accident Management and Legal Action - a claim for motor car accident compensation can work out complicated, even if the motorist is insured comprehensive.

When you, as a comprehensive insured car driver, suffered motor accident damages and launch a claim with your own insurance company, you should know the terms and conditions contained in the car insurance policy you have accepted.

This is crucial for the insured vehicle owner to understand the rights and obligations, concluded in the motor insurance policy, which is your contractual relationship between the motor car insurance company and yourself, not to risk a claim to be repudiated on reason of some technicality clauses in your insurance policy.



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car accident in South Africa    car accident in South Africa



8.   The procedures the motor insurance company may follow to proceed car accident damage repairs and in terms of paying you for the damage, or reinstating the vehicle to the state before car accident.

a. Find out if your Insurer is paying you your loss or reinstating the vehicle.

b. If it is paying your loss (less accepted excesses in your policy) you deal directly with the repairs and the auto body repairer. Your loss is usually the fair and reasonable cost of the car damage repair.

c. If the insurance company decide to reinstate you, the insurance companies mostly select one of its listed repairers acting as insurer's agents. They then will deal with the insurance company to be paid for the repair done to your vehicle.

As a victim of a motor car crash in South Africa, you are entitled to have the vehicle repaired as good as to a state it was prior to the accident. It is very advisable to look on to what will be the insurance approval for repair to the auto body workshop.

Avoid detrimental to your motor car, i.e. make sure the damages will be properly repaired and car parts (new or used - depending on your contract) ensures your motor car will be fine and roadworthy if repaired.

d. Always be aware what your motor insurance policy conditions are and what you have probably have to contribute. If you are not liable for the cause of the motor accident, your insurer may claim back all its expenses from the liable party in a recovery claim. This will most often include the excess you needed to pay to your insurance and you are entitled for a refund as soon as your motor insurance company received the payment from the liable party. It is very advisable to follow up what your insurance company does in terms of recovery, after they paid you.

e. In a case the compensation offer from your insurance company do not satisfy you and you want to prove that what the insurance is offering you in money does not represent your damage, or that the vehicle has not been properly restored, then object in time.

If you cannot achieve satisfaction, approach the Ombudsman if you want mediation, or your Attorney or other specialists in Road Accident Management and Legal Action in South Africa, so as RAMLA is one, for advice as to whether you should assert your rights in a Court of Law.

You are always welcome to contact RAMLA - Road Accident Management and Legal Action, preferred by sending an e mail to receive a analyse of your position, even in terms when you disagree with what your insurance company offers you for compensation, if you claim from your comprehensive motor cover, free of charge or obligations.



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read more about . . . Motor Insurance Excess



Please find more information to select from below:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
                                                





Nationwide RAMLA Claim Service
SMS your problem to RAMLA Cell

076 770 3179     or best send an
e-mail ramla@ramla.co.za







 
RAMLA - Road Accident Management and Legal Action - is one of South Africa's most experienced and decisive advocates to sort out legal disputes with parties, Insurance companies or act in defence for clients, confronted with unreasonable or inflated claims.

Car accident issues that matters most:





We are legal specialist in motor car accident damage recovery matters and offer our services to those suffering damages or in need to defend unreasonable or inflated claims.

Taking on disputes with motor insurance companies, engage and solve unfair declines or incorrect apportionment of damages, oppose a wrong assessed Quantum, or take a matter on review with the Ombudsman (OSTI), to get a matter of comprehensive insurance dispute reviewed.

Sometimes, if a matter cannot be resolved in a full attempt, and the case need to be heard in a court of law, should all fail to find a solution in pre-litigation, the escalation to a court of law is inevitable, we will suppot the action.

RAMLA can get you through the trouble, get reluctant parties moving serving Summons, for just some affordable fees, commonly just equal or lower then towing/storage cost may be.

We are one of the most experienced, decisive advocates, when it comes to car accident problems - issues of compensation or defence against unreasonable or inflated claims, bad repair practice and much more.

We work only on motor car accident matters.

Check us out, so you do know if we can uphold we say, free of charge.

Welcome to RAMLA

Road Accicent Management & Legal Action - South Africa




RAMLA - is an experienced legal expert in most MVA - Motor Vehicle Accident - issues.

We act professionally and decisive for the - Demand of damage Compensation - Dispute Resolution - Defence against inflated or unreasonable claims, as well as for damage recovery caused by bad workmanship after car repairs.

With more than ten years of professional experience, well educated stuff, knowing the subject of car accident issues and solutions, we have advised many, many inquirers in the first steps to take for a solution,

- free of charge - ,

and over the years, served a high number of clients to solve differences with parties, addressed compensation actions, acted against unfair Motor Insurance declines or short falling settlement offers, pursuit reviews with the Industries Ombudsman and filed law suits and defences.

RAMLA do know very well, that all cases are individual and need particular attention to the details, as only a well structured and factual claim can have chances to success. With us, you can feel save.

If you valued visitor of the RAMLA web information platform, do have any such problems listed above, you may well be good advised to contact us and brief us - best by email - with what had happened and may be your problem.

Our initial reply and advice will be free of any charges or obligations,

but an active pursuit of a claim or defence will come with some smaller fees.





















 

How going forward once there is a claim or dispute or other challenges?

Well, once someone checks a web site as this one RAMLA presents, there will be some sort of a problem.

Motor Vehicle Accident (MVA) issues are manifold and can be complex.

It may either be that there is no response from the liable party or the Insurer, the other party repudiate, apportioning damage liability leading to a short falling compensation offer, or any other claim decline, such as to violation of Insurance terms and conditions. All need experienced attention.

There are even cases, where a claim is directed to a 3rd party, deemed liable and demanded, but no engagement noticed.

Lot of issues coming up in MVA - car accident matters, may not be handled according to valid law, or wrongly interpreted.

There are many people in South Africa's motor insurance industry, without a legal background and act under instructions, don't care, nor perhaps not having the necessary skills, or just follow a strategy, to get rid of valid claims.

Such should not be accepted and the challenge taken head on, even if it comes with some engagement.

RAMLA as a specialised legal expert can solve such problems, just for a fraction in fees what you may miss out, if you don't have the right support.

In our view, it is not the correct way and get a legitimate claimant's demand, just been brushed away, isn't it?

Just take the time and contact, tell us about the matter and let us take care of it.





 

Defence against unreasonable or inflated claims?

RAMLA can help you most effectively to get a claim dropped or eased.

The results defending someone against whatever car accident compensation claim, can be very good, as often the evidence the Claimant do have is not sufficient to proof the claim, which is a pre-requisite for a successful action.

If it isn't as clear what the implications are and what evidence the other party/Insurance do have, chances are very good to stand through and get a claim successfully denied, even if a summons may have be served already.

The party alleges or accuses is forced to proof the claim and not the demanded party.

Many Insurance recovery claims fall short of such reliable evidence and therefore can be repudiated, even if it comes from attorneys or recovery agents.









 

However we do handle every substantial MVA claim,

against whatever party, Insurance, reluctant party or company successfully, given the merits of the issue are clear and stand a challenge.

Should the merits not be so favourable in the first place, we do all we can, improving such merits, to get the matter being a strong case.









 

Chances of success, if there is a strong case, and any other winning guarantees?

Those are questions we hear frequently, before a new client is prepared to accept some fees.

There cannot be any guarantee of success in legal matters, as the other party may have evidence matching or being better proof. If it comes to an action in a court of law, the presiding officer is the instance of weighting all brought forward in the action and decides.

However if sufficient evidence is at hand, chances are high to predict a win and succeeding with a matter, which ends up in an acceptable settlement/judgement.









 

You want to visit a local RAMLA office in your area and have a chat with one of our experts?

We are very sorry telling you, that we have chosen a different way of performing our business.

In order to hold overhead costs low, and not compromise on expertise and service, we have decided to act from one central, but not public office, in the Western Cape.

In order to hold fees low and offer very competitive rates, compared with similar legal services, we decided to concentrate intelligence and contain costs in this manner.

Anyone who likes to visit his/her adviser or attorney, should not choose RAMLA as a favourite, as we cannot or want honour just that.

But we can deliver the way we operate effectively, wherever you are in South Africa and with whom ever we have to deal, effectively, decisive and affordable.









 

What about fees, must they be paid upfront or can it be deducted from recoveries?

Let me answer the question in short.

Yes, all fees need to be paid up before we take action.

Why is that so?

Our fees are as competitive low, that we cannot enforce any such fees economically, if someone just take our services and thereafter give us hassles to pay.

Any local attorney will do the same, as asking for a deposit, commonly far higher than our entire fees are, upfront.

In general those deposits are offset against fee notes and further deposits requested in due course.

We dont do that. We deliver services not billed on time issues, but on performance phases, which gives cost certainty and the assurance to be taken care of the full matter.

Contact us to get more detailed information.









 

Any doubts about our capabilities or performance as this offer is an anonymous one on the web?

Well I must accept such doubts and can only point out and rely on the many we served before and who may be contactable for reference.

Check out what we display on our comprehensive web pages, which will back up our knowledge and experience without a doubt.

Anyhow we will never accept a mandate before we have had a first free analyse of your particular matter and if you aren't satisfied with our reply, simply don't go on with us, despite it may be detrimental to you.

We value a fair and open informative strategy, keeping a client updated, which will please most of those with an open mind to comunication technologies, such as email etc.

But we can only do what we offer and if you aren't happy with such offer, just get into contact with your local lawyer, or ask us to refer you to someone with specialised knowledge in MVA matters.









 

Should you have been through all before . . .

and still think we can be the one to solve your motor vehicle accident compensation problem in South Africa, just get in contact with us.

You're welcome to be served perfectly.

Kind Regards Your RAMLA team







Nationwide Claim Service

SMS RAMLA to 076 770 3179
and let us know the problem, or much better send an e-mail to:

ramla@ramla.co.za








 
In order navigating the comprehensive RAMLA information platform, check out the keyword or FAQ section to find what you are looking for or just send us and email to tell us the problem you face





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Involved in a car accident in South Africa and like to know what to do?

When it comes to a legal action in a court of law, the details are important.

RAMLA do know what is of importance and guide matters to success.












RAMLA Expert Partnership


Become a local partner of our Nationwide Network of experts in adjacent industries, such as:

Legal profession

Panel beater or auto
     body repair workshops


Independent vehicle
     damage assessors


enhancing mutual business at no cost to either side.

Please follow the link to the industry above to learn more about the offer.




SMS "network" your name and industry, place of business to 076 770 3179
and we call you, or send to
e-mail info@ramla.co.za








 

Motor Insurance Disputes



An insurance claim, either as a third party or comprehensive claim can come with a number of challenges.

Having the knowledge and experience, is a prerequisite to stand through against sometimes very strange arguments or decisions utilised by South African Motor Insurance Companies or its Brokers.





 

Ombudsman for short term Insurance (OSTI)



The Ombudsman for short term insurance disputes (OSTI) reviews matters that emanates from Insurance policy differences or disputes.

That means only contractual issues can be given for review and no 3rd party claims issues can be addressed to the Ombudsman.

Many people believe in objectivity and sympathies the Ombudsman may have to issues, believed to have been made unfairly by any Insurance decider.

It must however not always be expected that OSTI is in favour of Insurance clients to protect their rights.

Too often the decisions taken by the Ombudsman's office are backing the Insurance decision, particularly so as the evidence provided hasn't rebutted the Insurers argument, due to lack of knowledge.

The often one-sided information provided by the Insurer, even without verification, is taken for the decision, if a client in need for help doesn't know how to repudiate false or weak allegations and the matter will most probably be lost and the Insurer rests relaxed.

The Institution of the OSTI office is financed by the Insurance Industry.




 

A reluctant party try to hide and not engage?

Don't allow a party to act in such manner. A liable driver must take responsibility, but it can be a challenge if you have been too patient or trustful of promises and the other do know how to make you struggle.

It must be noted that a claim is easier declined than proven, and factual proof is what is meant the claimant has the onus of proof.





 

Companies don't engaging into claims they are vicariously liable for its employees

Companies are in some circumstances responsible and vicariously liable for employee's action and damages, if in charge for the business.

Despite most such companies may maintain a valid insurance cover, not many are open to an amicable solution and reluctant to support a claim.

The problem may just be that those who employ personal which need take part in public traffic in order to do the job get too much involved in car accidents throughout the employee's mistakes and don't like seeing the insurance cover in danger or face higher risk premiums.

There are commonly more difficulties to get matters processed as if claiming against a private person.

Our advice, get support as soon you feel something may not go as expected.





 

Alcohol or drugs a driver has abused but driving a car under the influence and causing the accident

Alcohol or Drugs shouldn't be consumed when on the road, for good reasons, and prohibited by law.

Once alcohol or drugs are suspected or proven, any insurance cover will lapse and no compensation can be expected covered by any Insurance.

However, the misuse of drugs and or alcohol must be proven in a professional manner.

It will not be acceptable, if an Insurer or another party just allege the other being intoxicated.

No witness or any observer can detect any or the degree of intoxication, even if they are medics, without scientific analyses, there is no proof.

Breathalyser and professional medical laboratory tests must show if any intoxication and to what degree, to get a claim declined or even to make one against another.





 

Market value, trade and retail value, scrap or salvage are all part in a "write off" case

When it comes to more serious car accident damages often repair costs are high. Should repair costs exceed the market or pre-collision value of the motor car, it will be called a "write off".

Unfortunately many of those been written off is caused by a decision of an Insurer.

The manner in which the car values of a highly damaged vehicle being evaluated, is by applying value schemes, often inappropriate schemes or wrong assessment results should be challenged.

A write off can cause many hassles in some regards.

There are some value schemes offering private persons a one time free value check.

Below as an example, TransUnion Car Value

www.carvalue.co.za

Anther source will be www.book-value.co.za as well as www.autotrader.co.za





TransUnion Car Value Scheme

www.carvalue.co.za














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Use of information whatsoever will be entirely on own risk. No claims for loss or damage arising from reliance of the information supplied will be entertained.

    Copyright: No copy in whichever way is permitted, without written confirmation by the author. No use of information is permitted for commercial purposes. The copyright includes reproduction and adaptation of any content and is expressively
reserved to the publisher RAMLA - Road Accident Management & Legal Action under section 12 (7) of the copyright act of 1978 - South Africa     All rights reserved.

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